Highlights

Post is revising downward its wheat import forecast for MY 2016/17 by about 3.4 percent to a total of 11.8 MMT. Growing feed demand by the poultry, aquaculture and livestock sectors will increase corn exports to Egypt by approximately 3 percent from 8.35 MMT in MY 2015/16 to 8.6 MMT in MY 2016/17. FAS Cairo expects Egypt's rice and broken rice exports to resume because of high production and large stocks. Post estimate rice exports at 500,000 MT in MY 2016/17 from MY 2015/16 forecast of 200,000 MT

Wheat

Production

FAS Cairo forecasts Egypt's wheat production and planted area in MY 2016/17 at 8.1 MMT and 1.26 million hectares (ha), respectively. FAS Cairo forecast remains unchanged from USDA's MY2015/16 official estimate.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation (MALR) through its Agricultural Research Center (ARC) is currently focused on developing high yielding early maturing varieties that improve water use efficiency and achieve a high crop intensification rate.

Fraud in Domestic Wheat Procurement

On June 15, 2016, the Government of Egypt (GOE) announced that it bought almost 5 MMT of domestically produced wheat, exceeding the target of 4 MMT set by the government. The Egyptian government supports its wheat farmers by purchasing domestic wheat at prices much higher than international prices. In MY 2015/16 the procurement price was set at LE 420 per ardeb, or US $315 per MT ($1 = EGP 8.88), a difference of US $125 - $130 per MT from world spot prices, providing arbitrage opportunities.

Starting with the crop harvested in 2015, the GOE has permitted privately-owned silos to play a role in the procurement of domestically produced wheat. The private silos buy wheat from farmers at the subsidized price and are then compensated by the government for it, as well as for its storage.

In an effort to avoid improprieties, the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade (MOSIT) inspects the silos before the onset of the harvest, ensuring that these are empty of any imported wheat. Imports are suspended during the procurement season and transportation of local and imported wheat across provinces is prohibited.

Once the procurement season begins, private silos are randomly audited by GOE authorities to determine if the recorded procurement matches their holdings. In cases of discrepancy, the offending firm must reimburse the government for any difference in addition to a fine of 25 percent of the falsified, higher amount the silo operator had reported purchasing.

This year, widespread allegations of fraud prompted the GOE to increase inspections of privately-owned silos. After finding inconsistencies, a parliamentary fact finding commission was formed to investigate the fraud allegations, uncovering a discrepancy of 200,000 tons that had been over reported, worth LE 560 million ($63 million), from only 10 sites out of 135 sites where private silos and barns were implementing the program. Domestic suppliers and private silo owners appear to have colluded by overstating local procurement numbers and pocketing government payments.

The chief victim of the fallout was the minister of supply, Dr. Khaled Hanafy, who was forced to resign during a Cabinet meeting held Wednesday August 24th. The resignation came four days before the report's findings were presented to the Parliament, as pressure mounted from all sides for him to step down. No charges have been formally filed against him.

Post Estimates

Post estimates that local wheat procurement from this year's production reached 4 MMT, exceeding the average of 3.32 MMT that the GOE procured over the past 10 years. This is well below the 5.3 MMT said to have been purchased by the GOE from the 2015 crop.

Consumption

In MY 2016/17 FAS Cairo forecasts total wheat consumption at 19.6 MMT, down 1 percent from

USDA's forecast of 19.8 MMT. The decrease is due to a slight reduction in post's forecast of food, seed and industrial use (FSI) consumption by 0.54 percent from USDA's estimate of 18.3 MMT and a decrease in post's forecast of feed and residual by 7.4 percent than USDA forecast in MY 2016/17.

However, total wheat consumption still grew by 2 percent from MY2015/16, all of it for FSI use.

The anticipated rise in FSI consumption of wheat in MY 2016/17 is driven by high wheat demand by a population that is growing at a rate of 2.4 percent annually, coupled with the registration of at least 3 million new beneficiaries in the smart card subsidy program and the increasing presence of refugees from Iraq, Syria, Libya, Yemen and Sudan living in Egypt, the total of whom are estimated at 5 million. Under the existing subsidy system, each individual with a smart card is allowed 150 loaves per month or 5 loaves per day. “Baladi" bread is sold at a subsidized price of EGP 0.05 per loaf ($ 0.01 per loaf), while the market price is EGP 0.35 per loaf ($ 0.05 per loaf). The government pays the bakers the difference between the two prices.

The system allows beneficiaries who consume less than the quota amount to convert their bread savings into points(1 point = $0.01) and spend it on more than 40 food products that can be purchased from 25,000 privately-owned grocery stores partnering with MOSIT or the 5,000 publicly-owned consumer complexes. The beneficiaries must use the redeemed points during the first twenty days of the following month or lose them.

In FY2015/16 actual spending on food subsidies grew by three percent to LE 42.2 billion ($4.75 billion at LE8.78 per dollar) from LE 40.8 billion ( $5.3.billion LE 7.78 per dollar) in FY 2014/15. Bread subsidies represented 69.4 percent of the total expenditures on food subsidies in FY2016/17.

As it is, Egypt still has an expensive and burdensome food subsidy system. MOSIT's two-year effort to implement the new subsidy program with the use of smart cards has resulted in progress towards better access and availability of higher quality bread and a broader array of food products.

MOSIT has made inroads in establishing a cash transfer program targeted to a wide swath of the Egyptian population but its commodity procurement remains substantial, a function that over time, arguably, would best be handled by the private sector.

Suffice it to say, significant challenges remain in using smart cards whether associated with the network connectivity or the availability of enough electronic scanners reading smart cards at bakeries or some bakeries falsifying bread amounts through entering a larger bread quantity into their electronic scanners than what they truly gave to the beneficiaries. These opportunities for malfeasance make cash transfers to intended beneficiaries of the bread subsidy system a compelling option.

Trade

Post is revising downward its wheat import forecast for MY 2016/17 by 3.38 percent to reach 11.8 MMT. MY 2015/16 wheat imports are being revised downward to 11.6 MMT, 4.1 percent lower than USDA's official forecast of 12.075 MMT due to a persistent shortage of foreign currency that has made opening letters of credit more difficult, significantly hampering imports.

Delays in opening letters of credit for the goods traders supply to state buyers are a recurring problem. To alleviate this problem, GASC changed the terms of payment for wheat purchased in its tenders. The letters of credit can now be opened up to 180 days after signing the contract, allowing more time to secure the necessary amount of dollars needed to complete the transaction.

Switch on, Switch off Ergot Fungus Policy

Egypt's wheat imports have been disrupted continuously since December of 2015, when a French shipment was rejected due to Egypt's attempts to enforce a zero tolerance for ergot. Since the end of 2015, Egypt has implemented and rescinded the policy three times, causing multiple rejections, and repeated tender annulments.

Timeline of A Whirlwind Ergot Policy

December 2015

Egypt's Central Administration for Quarantine (CAPQ) rejected a 63,000 MT shipment of French wheat due to the presence of ergot fungus, despite being below the 0.05 percent threshold. The measure prompted Bunge, which imported the shipment for GASC, to take legal action against MOSIT. The first time that Egypt rejects a shipment under the zero-tolerance premise.

January 2016

CAPQ's former director justifies the rejection of the French shipment on the basis that Egypt's 2001 quarantine law stipulates the zero tolerance of quarantine pests, indicating that all wheat imports must be ergot free, in clear contradiction of the Egyptian wheat standard and GASC tender specifications that stipulate a 0.05 percent tolerance level.

February 2016

GASC cancels tenders number 20, 21 and 23 for the first time in its history, due to the dearth of offers. Under tender number 22, GASC receives four bids, purchasing wheat of Romanian origin. Egypt's inconsistency as a customer hits markets at a time of global oversupply, pushing wheat prices down to $ 175 per ton.

Despite assurances by the ministers of supply, agriculture, and industry at a press conference that Egypt is returning to the international level of 0.05 percent ergot level in wheat shipments, traders remain wary of participating in tender numbers 25 and 26. Those who participate submit bids at a significant premium.

March 2016

MALR requests the assistance of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) to conduct a pest risk analysis on the potential of ergot's transmission to Egyptian agricultural areas.

June 2016

Egypt's prime minister instructs CAPQ to allow wheat shipments under the international standard of 0.05 percent, but CAPQ does not abide by the prime minister's instructions, and newly applies zero-tolerance, rejecting a Polish wheat shipment of 30,000 MT and a Canadian wheat shipment of 10,000 MT.

July 2016

CAPQ rejects a U.S. wheat shipment of 33,000 MT, however, the shipment remains at port as a decision rescinding the zero-tolerance level seems imminent. On July 11, the Minister of Agriculture issues Ministerial Decree 1117/2016, stipulating that the international tolerance of 0.05 percent ergot will be applied to all shipments, based on FAO's recommendation.

While the decision is a positive one, CAPQ once again rejects the aforementioned US wheat shipment on July 14, claiming that the ergot level was at 0.096, despite testing at 0.006 percent under the Ministry of Health's inspection. Efforts to have the shipment retested are rejected. The shipment is diverted to the EU and milled in Italy.

August 2016

MALR adopts a new ministerial decree reinstating the zero-percent ergot level on all wheat shipments, stating that their pest risk analysis indicates that the fungus may pose a threat to Egyptian crops. GASC changes its tender specifications, bringing them in line with quarantine's zero-tolerance policy. Egypt's health ministry adopts a zero-ergot stance, bringing all three ministries that oversee the policy in line for the first time.

GASC cancels FY 2016/17 tenders number 5 and tender number 7. No explanation is given why Tender number 5 was cancelled. Tender number 7 is cancelled because only one offer is submitted.

September 2016

Egyptian inspectors reject a Romanian wheat shipment of 63,000MT at port of origin for traces of ergot, despite being under the 0.05 percent level. The Romanian trader asks the GOE to return approximately $500,000 it put down as a guarantee for wheat supplies it can no longer ship.

A 60,000 MT Russian wheat shipment is rejected at origin in Novorossiysk, followed by the rejection of a second Russian wheat shipment of 33,000 MT at the Egyptian port of Damietta in Egypt which had arrived in late July. Rejection of shipments prompts traders to boycott GASC wheat tenders number 8 and 9 which are both cancelled.

Russia bans imports of Egyptian fruits and vegetables citing phytosanitary concerns, but the move is seen as a retaliatory response to the rejection of Russia's wheat shipments. In 2015, Egypt's citrus exports to Russia were 400,000 MT, while Egyptian potato exports were 135,000 MT.

On September 21, due to the absence of bids in three consecutive tenders and looming retaliatory actions by Egypt's trading partners, the GOE once again rescinds its zero-tolerance ergot policy and reinstitutes the international standard of 0.05 percent. In addition, it announced that an international firm will be contracted to inspect imported wheat at origin, a change from the current system that involves sending a six-member government team to inspect shipments at origin, which is viewed as an unnecessary junket costing Egyptian consumers an additional $1.5 to $2 per MT.

In a press conference, the Minister of Health rebuked the Ministry of Agriculture's claims that since 2011 no wheat shipments containing ergot were allowed into Egypt, with the former clarifying that out of 313 public-sector wheat shipments entering Egypt from 2011 until August 2016, 131 shipments or 42 percent of all shipments had ergot presence below 0.05 percent.

On September 22, following the cancellation of the zero percent policy, GASC received a range of bids for tender number 10, and not surprisingly, all the winning bids are Russian origin. The results are the following: 60,000 MT of Russian wheat from Aston at $179.0 FOB per MT and three other 60,000 ton awards for Russian wheat from Friends at $178.78 FOB per MT.

Wheat Imports

During MY 2015/16 the total amount of wheat purchased by GASC was 4.51 MMT, 12.3 percent less than MY 2014/15 imports. Top suppliers to GASC were Russia with 1.88 MMT, Romania with 960,000 MT, France with 780,000 MT, Ukraine with 635,000 MT and Argentina with 240,000MT GASC wheat imports as of July 2016 to Sept 20, 2016 amounted to 840,000 MT against 1.46MMT during the same period in 2015.

In MY 2015/16, private sector imports amounted to 7.1 MMT, up 13.8 percent from MY 2014/15. The increase in the private sector's share of imports is driven by favorable market prices, liberalized flour prices under the current bread subsidy system, and 8-9 percent growth in the baking and pasta sectors requiring different varieties and qualities of wheat.

Top suppliers of wheat to Egypt in MY 2015/16 are Russia with 6.0 MMT, Ukraine 2.4 MMT, Romania 1.2 MMT and France with 933,000 MT.

Stocks

Post forecasts that MY2016/17 ending stocks will be 4.073 MMT, a decrease of approximately 3.7 percent from Post's MY2015/16 estimate of 4.223 MMT which was revised downward from USDA's official estimate of 4.698 MMT. The decrease in ending stocks of MY 2015/16 is attributed to lower imports because of the pursuit of zero tolerance for ergot as well as foreign exchange availability challenges.

GASC usually maintains 5-6 months' supply of stocks, which include wheat imports in the pipeline. As such, three months' supply is in country, while an additional 2-3 months of supply is on its way to Egypt.

Wheat

2014/2015

2015/2016

2016/2017

Market Begin

Jul 2014

Jul 2015

Jul 2016

Year

USDA

New

USDA

New

USDA

New

Official

Post

Official

Post

Official

Post

Area Harvested

1350

1350

1260

1260

1260

1260

Beginning Stocks

4112

4112

4273

4273

4698

4223

Production

8300

8300

8100

8100

8100

8100

MY Imports

11300

11300

12075

11600

12200

11800

TY Imports

11300

11300

12075

11600

12200

11800

TY Imp. from U.S.

156

156

42

30

0

0

Total Supply

23712

23712

24448

23973

24998

24123

MY Exports

339

339

550

550

550

450

TY Exports

339

339

550

550

550

450

Feed and Residual

2000

2000

1400

1400

1500

1400

FSI Consumption

17100

17100

17800

17800

18300

18200

Total Cons.

19100

19100

19200

19200

19800

19600

Ending Stocks

4273

4273

4698

4223

4648

4073

Total Distribution

23712

23712

24448

23973

24998

24123

yield

6.1481

6.1481

6.86

86

6.86

6.86

(1000 HA) ,(1000 MT)

Corn

Production

Post forecasts MY 2016/17 corn production and planted area to remain unchanged from MY 2015/16 at 6 MMT and 750,000 ha, respectively. White corn accounted for 500,000 ha producing 4 MMT, while yellow corn constituted around 250,000 ha producing 2 MMT.

The GOE is determined to implement its expansion strategy to expand the production of yellow corn to 840,000 ha by the end of 2018. It has become a key priority of the current government in an effort to decrease the importation of feed ingredients, which would reduce the drain on foreign reserves.

The GOE has a procurement price for yellow corn of LE 2100 per ton or $236.5 per ton ($1=8.88 LE) to encourage farmers to increase yellow corn production. The Agriculture Research Center (ARC) increased the number of yellow corn extension fields across governorates from 180 fields in 2015 to 286 in 2016, in an ongoing effort to showcase good agricultural practices, efficient use of inputs, and integrated pest management practices.

Consumption

2016/17 consumption at 14.8 MMT an increase of 2.1 percent from MY 2015/16 estimate of 14.5MMT, which is lowered from USDA's official estimate by 1.7 percent due to high poultry feed prices, as small farms reduce poultry production cycles to offset expenses.

Consumption growth in the poultry industry is slowing down as the industry is expected to grow 2-3 percent per year down from 4-5 percent, as the number of consolidations and vertical integration efforts increase in search of economies of scale. Cairo Poultry, Wadi Group, Al Watania poultry, Al Masrya poultry, and Al Mansoura poultry have established their own feed plants.

Nonetheless, the big driver for demand growth will be the aquaculture industry, ranking number ten worldwide but number two in tilapia production. Egypt's total fish production reached 1.560 MMT in

2015 against 1.482 MMT in 2014. The 5.26 percent increase is driven by an 8.1 percent increase in fish production from aquaculture (1.137 MMT in 2014 against 1.230 MMT in 2015). The current strategy of the General Authority for Fish Resources Development (GAFRD) of the MALR is to raise fish production by 35 percent by 2018 from 2015 to 2.1 MMT.

Marine fish farming projects are a high priority for the government. The projects would increase marine fish production, generate jobs, and increase the affordability of a select group of species: sea bass, seabream, mullet, and shrimp. The expected production of the three major projects that the GOE is currently undertaking is 400,000 MT of marine species annually. The projects are located in the Suez Canal, East Port Said and the governorate of Kafr El Shiekh. The Kafr El Sheikh project will also include a feed mill with a capacity of 200,000 MT annually.

To meet increasing feed demand, significant investments in aquaculture feed production are taking place. Two of the largest aqua-feed companies are Skretting's Nutreco, which recently tripled its annual tilapia fish feed capacity to 150,000 MT, followed by Aller Aqua who is doubling its aqua feed production to 150,000 MT. Aquaculture's major dietary energy sources include the following inputs: yellow corn 10–35 percent, wheat bran 20–30 percent, rice bran 10–25 percent and vegetable oils 1–5 percent. It should also be noted that soymeal substitute for some of these ingredients and can comprise up to 40 percent of aquaculture feed, depending on relative prices.

The depreciating Egyptian pound and the shortage of foreign exchange (FOREX) have contributed to surging prices of imported feed ingredients, which constitute 70 percent of the country's feed needs, as importers turn to the parallel market to meet their FOREX needs, which commands a premium of 30-40 percent over the official exchange rate. Local poultry feed prices have increased by more than 30 percent from January 2016 to August 2016 reaching LE 5000 per MT ($ 530 per MT). Extruded fish feed has seen a similar trend rising 25 percent to LE 5600 per MT ($ 630.6 per MT).

Trade

Post forecasts MY 2016/17 imports at 8.6 MMT, down 1.74 percent from USDA forecast of 8.75MMT. Post is also revising downwards MY2015/16 imports to 8.35 MMT from USDA's estimate of 8.5 MMT, as importers face FOREX challenges, tapping into the parallel market at a premium of 35-40 percent over the official exchange rate. Egypt's current production of yellow corn covers less than 10 percent of its feed demand; therefore, surging demand by the expanding feed manufacturing industry must be met by imports.

2016 year-to-date (Jan – July) corn imports reached 4.5 MMT. The four key suppliers of corn were Ukraine with 1.48MMT, followed by Argentina with 1.45MMT, Brazil with 833,131 MT and USA with 512,745 MT.

In 2015, Egypt imported 8.2 MMT of corn, with Ukraine as the leading origin at 2.9 MMT, followed by Brazil at 2.03 MMT, Argentina at 1.65 MMT and the U.S at 966,000 MT. In CY 2014, the United States was the largest exporter of corn to Egypt with almost 2.9 MMT of corn, followed by Ukraine with 2.1MMT and Argentina with 1.6 MMT.

2016 year-to-date imports of U.S. distillers dried grains with soluble (DDGS) reached 67,000 MT against 72,000 MT during the same period in 2015. 2016 DDGS imports are expected to reach the same levels of 2015 at 125,000 MT. Egyptian purchases of U.S. DDGS dropped by 17.8 percent from 147,630 MT during 2014 to 125,295 MT in 2015. That reduction in imports was mainly driven by limited access to FOREX.

2016 year-to-date imports of U.S. corn gluten reached 105,000 MT down from 140,106 MT during the same period in 2015. Both corn gluten meal and DDGS are used in rations for poultry, dairy and beef cattle and aquaculture.

Stocks

Post forecast corn stocks at 1.9 MMT in MY 2016/17, higher than USDA's stock number by 200,000 MT. The MY 2015/16 stock quantity is raised upward from USDA estimate by 4.9 percent driven by slower consumption growth.

Corn

2014/2015

2015/2016

2016\2017

Market Begin

Oct 2014

Oct 2015

Oct 2016

Egypt

Official USDA

New Post

Official USDA

New Post

Official USDA

New Post

Area Harvested

745

745

750

750

750

750

Beginning Stocks

2398

2398

2295

2295

2035

2135

Production

5960

5960

6000

6000

6000

6000

MY Imports

7841

7841

8500

8350

8750

8600

TY Imports

7841

7841

8500

8350

8750

8600

TY Imp. from U.S.

1128

1128

0

0

0

0

Total Supply

16199

16199

16795

16645

16785

16735

MY Exports

4

4

10

10

10

10

TY Exports

4

4

10

10

10

10

Feed and Residual

11500

11500

12350

12100

12650

12400

FSI Consumption

2400

2400

2400

2400

2400

2400

Total Consumption

13900

13900

14750

14500

15050

14800

Ending Stocks

2295

2295

2035

2135

1725

1925

Total Distribution

16199

16199

16795

16645

16785

16735

Yield

8.000

8.000

8.000

8.000

8.000

8.000

Rice

Production

Post is revising upward the harvested area and production forecast in MY 2016/17 from USDA numbers of 650,000 ha and 4 MMT to 920,000 ha and 5.1 MMT, respectively. MY 2015/16 harvested area and milled production of 650,000ha and 4.0MMT remains unchanged from USDA's official numbers.

The increase in rice area beyond the government's allotted areas in MY 2016/17 is attributed to significant reductions in the areas of cotton and other summer vegetable crops, the government's policy of allowing exports to resume for six months (Oct 2015-Apr 2016), and significant increases in domestic milled rice prices that more than doubled in 2016, from $ 400-450/MT to $ 1000-1100 per MT.

Despite this increase, the government still maintains an allotment area of 452,000 ha in the eight governorates in the northern Delta. The attractive prices commanded by rice encouraged farmers to plant outside the allotted areas, notwithstanding risking fines of $600/ha.

However, the significant increase in water consumption due to the extra 468,000 ha planted with rice above the allotted area announced by the GOE has compelled the Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources (MIWR) to announce that the allotted area for planting rice in CY 2017 will decrease from 452,000 ha to 294,000 ha and increasing fines from $ 600 per ha to $ 992 per ha if found farming outside the allotted area.

The increase in production also prompted the GOE to announce on August 11, 2016 that it will purchase two million tons of paddy rice from farmers at LE 2300-2400 per ton ($259-$270 per ton) during the harvest season to avoid price spikes in the future, securing plentiful reserves for the government's smart card food subsidy program.

Despite an increase in rice production, rice yields went down from 8.9 MT per ha to 8.03MT per ha due to water and input deficits in certain illegal rice acreage.

Rice plantings will be confined to the coastal provinces to limit the sea-water intrusion into northern Delta soils, which is abated by rice cultivation as the copious amounts of drainage water used on rice prevents soil salinization. Early maturing varieties develop in three months and consume 9,500 to 11,000 cubic meters water per hectare.

Consumption

In MY 2016/17 FAS Cairo forecasts rice consumption at 3.95 MMT in line with USDA's forecast. MY 2015/16 estimate of rice consumption remains also unchanged from USDA's estimate of 3.95 MMT.

Rice is highly consumed in the provinces of the northern delta and Suez Canal region as well as big cities like Cairo and Alexandria. Consumers in urban cities tend to purchase packaged rice while consumers in rural areas rely more on unpackaged rice.

Although the government lifted the ban on rice exports from October 2015 to April 2016, the burdensome conditions for shipping overseas set by the government were a deterrent to exports. Unnerved, traders held on to their stocks trying to force the government to revise its export policy, causing rice shortages that affected the government's subsidy program. Retail market prices of packaged milled rice during the period of January- March 2016 more than doubled.

To address the shortage, MOSIT imported 80,000 MT of Indian rice at a price of $325 per ton and contracted for 20,000 tons per month of local rice.

To avoid shortages for the upcoming season, the GOE announced that it will continue its export ban of milled and broken rice, and will procure rice at $259-$270 per MT, which has had the effect of reducing paddy rice prices by 40 percent and milled rice prices by more than 30 percent. In the interim, prices of packaged rice ranges between LE 4-6 per kg in the public consumer complexes selling to the subsidy card holders , LE 5-9 per kg in the retail markets and unpackaged rice prices range between LE 4-6 per kg.

Prices are expected to go down significantly by the end of the new harvest because of high production and the availability of at least 1.5 MMT of carry-over stocks from the 2015 and 2016 crop.

Trade

Post forecasts of rice exports in MY 2016/17 to increase to 500,000 MT from the MY 2015/16 forecast of 200,000 MT. Egypt's rice trade policy severely restricts private traders' ability to conduct business, but as large amounts of stocks are accumulating, so is the pressure to ease its restrictions. Private traders and millers of the Agriculture Export Council (AEC) and the Chamber of Cereal Industries (CCI) are urging the Ministry of Trade and Industry to reconsider its decision to ban rice and broken rice exports.

FAS Cairo expects the government to ease its export conditions, and allow trade to resume for a brief period after it secures the rice needed for its smart card food subsidy program. A clearer picture will emerge in December of 2016. If Egypt allowed the market to work its course, it would be able to sell close to 1 MMT of rice in the international marketplace.

MY 2015/16 exports will remain in line with USDA estimates. During the six-month period from October 2015 to the end of March 2016, Egypt officially exported 45, 000 MT of milled rice and 90,000MT of broken rice.It is estimated that around 60,000-65,000 MT of milled rice were smuggled into Libya and Sudan.

Stocks

Post forecast that ending rice stocks in MY 2016/17 will be 1.53 MMT upward from USDA's official forecast of 739,000 MT as stocks accumulate due to larger production and the government's ban on exports. In late September 2016, the GOE announced that there is no intention to lift the ban on milled rice or broken rice exports, but it is likely that a new export period maybe announced after the harvest is finalized and the government builds a stock for its subsidy program. MY 2015/16 stock estimate remains unchanged from USDA's official estimate of 854,000 MT.

Rice, Milled

Rice, Milled

Market Begin

Year

2014/2015

2015/2016

2016/2017

Oct 2014

Oct 2015

Oct 2016

Egypt

Official USDA

New Post

Official USDA

New Post

Official USDA

New Post

Area Harvested

650

650

650

650

650

920

Beginning Stocks

610

610

924

924

854

854

Milled Production

4530

4530

4000

4000

4000

5100

Rough Production

6565

6565

5797

5797

5797

7391

Milling Rate (.9999)

6900

6900

6900

6900

6900

6900

MY Imports

34

34

80

80

35

35

TY Imports

36

34

80

80

35

35

TY Imp. from U.S.

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total Supply

5174

5174

5004

5004

4889

5989

MY Exports

250

250

200

200

200

500

TY Exports

250

250

200

200

200

500

Consumption and Residual

4000

4000

3950

3950

3950

3950

Ending Stocks

924

924

854

854

739

1539

Total Distribution

5174

5174

5004

5004

4889

5989

Yield

10.1

10.1

1.85

1.85

1.85

8.0337