Report Highlights

Despite a relatively strong export demand from India, Myanmar's bean and pulse exports in the first quarter of 2016 (January-March) dropped 41 percent from the same period in 2015 due to low domestic stocks. India accounted for 67 percent of total exports in the first quarter of 2016 led by Toorwhole and Black Matpe varieties. Domestic wholesale prices for all types of bean and pulses declined in response to new crop supplies entering the market.

Trade

Myanmar's bean and pulse exports are composed of official non-border exports and unofficial exports along the borders, mainly to India, Thailand and China. Black Matpe, Mung bean, and Toorwhole are the leading pulse exports, accounting for approximately 90 percent of total official non-border exports in the first 3 months of 2016 (January-March).

Myanmar's bean and pulse exports in the first quarter of 2016 (January-March) sharply decreased by 41 percent to 382,284 metric tons (MT) from 652,375 MT from the same period of 2015 due mainly to higher Mapte bean prices and limited supplies. More specifically, official non-border trade exports fell 45 percent to 300,950 MT while unofficial border trade decreased by 20 percent to 81,334 MT.

About 67 percent of total exports in the first 3 months of 2016 were shipped to India. Toorwhole varieties led all exports accounting for 35 percent of total exports followed by Black Matpe at 31 percent, and Mung bean at 23 percent.

Official Beans and Pulses export by type in 2016 (January-March)

Non-border

Month

Butter

Matpe

Mung

Toor Whole

(Pigeon Beans)

Others

Total

January

126

8,498

17,781

24,486

1,267

52,158

February

998

31,348

20,869

30,267

5,059

88,541

March

2,539

54,597

29,345

52,000

21,770

160,251

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Total

3,663

94,443

67,995

106,753

28,096

300,950

Export of Bean and Pulses in 2015 and 2016

Month

2015

2016

Non-border

Border

Total

Non-border

Border

Total

January

81,183

12,247

93,430

52,158

13,638

65,796

February

98,344

22,439

120,783

88,541

24,965

113,506

March

370,779

67,383

438,162

160,251

42,731

202,982

April

131,609

20,493

152,102

May

197,287

23,290

220,577

June

134,363

22,141

156,504

July

64,526

24,207

88,733

August

71,553

23,441

94,994

September

29,936

7,126

37,062

October

34,319

4,273

38,592

November

18,543

4,221

22,764

December

5,639

71,553

77,192

Total

1,238,081

302,814

1,540,895

300,950

81,334

382,284

Market Overview

Domestic wholesale prices for all types of beans and pulses decreased from January to March due to the arrival of winter supplies into the market. New crop supplies of Toorwhole, Matpe and Mung bean entered the market in February 2016 resulting in lower prices.

Monthly Domestic Wholesale Price for Matpe, Mung Bean and Toorwhole

Month

Matpe

Mung Bean

Toorwhole

Ks/MT

US$/MT

Ks/MT

US$/MT

Ks/MT

US$/MT

1,596,890

1,309

1,203,500

986.48

1,537,000

1,259.84

January

1,601,619

1,313

1,282,575

1,051.29

1,360,000

1,114.75

February

1,559,327

1,278

1,148,909

941.73

1,358,280

1,113.34

March

Change

(2.35)

(2.35)

(4.54)

(4.54)

(11.63)

(11.63)

Post expects total bean and pulse exports in the second quarter of 2016 (April-June) to increase as new supplies enter the market and demand from India grows.