Report Highlights: 

MY 2012/13 (November/October) Greek production of tangerines and oranges is expected to increase slightly, due to favorable weather. Greece is a large importer of lemons. In MY 2011/12, Greece imported 30,997 MT of lemons, mainly from Argentina (15,770 MT), Turkey (5,903 MT), and Italy (4,191 MT).

Oranges

PRODUCTION 

MY 2012/13 (November/October) Greek orange production is expected to increase slightly compared to the previous year, due to favorable weather. Peloponnese and Aitoloakarnaia (western Greece) are the main orange-producing areas. Washington Navel, Commons, Valencia, Navelina, and Newhall are the major orange varieties grown in Greece. 

CONSUMPTION 

MY 2012/13 Greek orange consumption is expected to remain steady. Most oranges are consumed fresh (channeled to open markets and grocery stores). Commons variety is used predominantly in processing. 

TRADE 

In MY 2011/12, Greece exported 317,739 MT of oranges mainly to Romania (65,492 MT), Germany (35,858 MT), Serbia (32,378 MT), and Poland (27,232 MT). Navels and Tardives are marketed mostly from November through March. In MY 2011/12, Greece imported 7,272 MT of fresh oranges mainly from Hungary (2,182 MT), South Africa (1,174 MT), and Bulgaria (1,033 MT).

Orange Juice

Greece is expected to process about 125,000 MT of oranges in MY 2012/13 to produce 7,675 MT of concentrate. The total volume of oranges channeled to processing depends on crop quality and the quantity of oranges destined for the fresh market, both domestic and foreign. 

Tangerines

PRODUCTION 

MY 2012/13 (November/October) Greek tangerine production is expected to grow by 4.4 percent due to favorable weather. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Igoumenitsa, Arta, Mosologgi, and Thesprotia, located in northern Greece. Clementine is the major tangerine variety grown in Greece. 

CONSUMPTION 

Most tangerines are consumed fresh. Clementines are consumed mainly along the west coast and cover early and late season demand, both domestically and abroad. 

TRADE 

In MY 2011/12, Greece exported 72,070 MT of tangerines, mainly to Romania (19,311 MT), Bulgaria (11,646 MT), and Serbia (8,080 MT). Clementines are marketed from January to May. In MY 2011/12, Greece imported 2,756 MT of fresh tangerines mostly from Italy (1,295 MT) and Cyprus (768 MT). 

Lemons

PRODUCTION 

MY 2012/13 (November/October) Greek lemon production is expected to remain steady. The main lemon-producing areas include the prefectures of Korinthos, Achaia, Piraeus, and Ilias, located in northern Greece. The major lemon variety grown in Greece is Maglini, whose fruit is strongly aromatic, with a quite sour juice. It has a thin, shiny peel and when fully ripe has a yellow color. 

CONSUMPTION 

MY 2012/13 Greek lemon consumption is expected to stay flat. Greek lemon production is all destined for the fresh market. Greece has become increasingly reliant on imported lemon juice to meet consumer demand for soft drinks. The yield for lemon juice is 15-17 Kg of fresh lemons to produce 1 Kg of lemon juice, depending on the quality of the fruit. 

TRADE 

Greece is a large importer of lemons. In MY 2011/12, Greece imported 30,997 MT of lemons, mainly from Argentina (15,770 MT), Turkey (5,903 MT), and Italy (4,191 MT). In MY 2011/12, Greece exported 5,894 MT of lemons mainly to Romania (2,402 MT) and Bulgaria (2,135 MT). The Maglini lemon variety is marketed from December to May and from September to November after artificial ripening. 

Grapefruits

PRODUCTION 

MY 2012/13 (November/October) Greek grapefruit production is expected to stay flat. The prefectures of Corinth and Kavala, the region of Thessaly, and the island of Crete are the major grapefruit-producing areas. 

CONSUMPTION 

MY 2012/2013 Greek grapefruit consumption is expected to remain stable. Most grapefruits are consumed fresh. 

TRADE 

In MY 2011/12, Greece exported 1,667 MT of grapefruits mainly to Bulgaria (619 MT) and Romania (449 MT). In MY 2011/12, Greece imported 3,075 MT of grapefruits mainly from 

South Africa (1,165 MT), Cyprus (530 MT), and China (415 MT). 

Abbreviations and definitions used in this report

MY Marketing year 

Oranges, Tangerines, Lemons, Grapefruit, Orange Juice: November/October 

HS Codes 

Oranges: 080510 

Tangerines: 080520 

Lemons: 080550 

Grapefruit: 080540 

Orange juice: 200911-200912-200919 

MT Metric ton = 1000 kg 

Ha hectare; 1 ha = 2.471 acres 

EU European Union