Italy. Citrus Semi-Annual 2013. Oct 2013 Nov. 15, 2013
MY 2012/13 (November/October) Italian orange production is expected to decrease by 15 percent compared to the previous season, due to adverse weather conditions in early spring 2012. Italian lemon planted area has been decreasing progressively due to higher input costs and lower prices which have negatively affected crop profitability.
MY 2012/13 (November/October) Italian orange production is expected to decrease by 15 percent compared to the previous season, due to adverse weather conditions in early spring 2012. Production of red oranges registered a decline of 30-35 percent (40-45 percent for late varieties). However, fruit size is good and the quality is excellent. Sicily and Calabria are the main orange-producing areas, accounting for 59 and 22 percent respectively. Tarocco (T.Comune, T.Galici, T.Gallo, T.Scirè, T.Nucellare), Moro (M.Comune or M.Nucellare), Sanguinello (S. Moscato Cuscunà and S. Moscato Nucellare), Sanguigno, Ovale or Calabrese, Biondo Commune, Navelina, and Washington Navel are the chief varieties grown in Italy.
MY 2012/13 Italian orange consumption is expected to decrease by approximately 19 percent driven by reduced availability for the fresh market based on consistent demand for processing and decreased production. Most oranges are consumed fresh. Blood varieties (Tarocco, Moro, and Sanguinello) are used mainly for fresh consumption. Late varieties (Ovale and Valencia) are destined to both fresh market and processing industry.
In MY 2011/12, Italy exported 112,843 MT of oranges, mainly to Germany (34,598 MT), Austria (16,194 MT), and Switzerland (15,682 MT). In MY 2011/12, Italy’s orange imports reached 177,827 MT, mainly from Spain (117,037 MT) and South Africa (30,599 MT).
According to latest estimates, Italy is forecast to process about 315,000 MT of oranges in MY 2012/13 to produce 22,050 MT of concentrate. The total volume of oranges channeled to processing depends on crop quality and quantity of oranges destined for the fresh market, both domestic and foreign.
MY 2012/13 Italian tangerine production, which consists of over 80 percent seedless clementines and nearly 20 percent mandarins, is expected to decrease by 19 percent from the previous year, as a consequence of heavy rains that affected Clementine production in January 2013. Meanwhile, Mandarin production is expected to register an increase of 10 percent.
Quality is good for both Clementines and Mandarins. Calabria, Sicily, and Apulia are the main tangerine-producing areas, accounting for 50, 23, and 14 percent respectively. Avana and Tardivo di Ciaculli are the major mandarin varieties grown in Italy. Comune or Oroval, and Monreal are the main Clementine varieties.
MY 2012/13 Italian tangerine consumption is expected to decline driven Reduced availability for the fresh market based on consistent demand for processing and decreased production. Italians consume large quantities of Clementines and mandarins during winter holidays when the bulk of production hits the market. Most tangerines are consumed fresh.
In MY 2011/12, Italy exported 116,685 MT of tangerines, mainly to Poland (28,188 MT), Romania (11,066 MT), and Hungary (10,568 MT). MY 2011/12 Italy’s tangerine imports reached 95,376 MT. Spain is the leading supplier to the Italian tangerine market, representing 87 percent (82,914 MT) of total imports.
MY 2012/13 (November/October) Italian lemon production is expected to decrease slightly by 4 percent, but quality is expected to be good. Sicily produces more than 86 percent of Italy’s lemons. Lemon-producing area is progressively decreasing: higher input costs and lower prices have negatively affected crop profitability. Femminello Commune (F. Zagara Bianca, F.Siracusano, F. S.Teresa), Monachello, and Interdonato are the main lemon varieties grown in Italy. Farmers are expected to deliver 115,000 MT of lemons to the processing industry.
MY 2012/13 Italian lemon consumption is expected to decline 8.9 percent from the previous year. Italian lemon production is mostly destined for the fresh market.
In MY 2011/12, Italy exported 38,433 MT of lemons, mainly to Germany (13,406 MT) and Greece (6,004 MT). MY 2011/12 Italy’s lemon imports reached 110,710 MT, mostly from Spain (51,608 MT) and Argentina (37,574 MT).
MY 2012/13 (November/October) Italian grapefruit production is expected to remain stable.
MY 2012/2013 Italian grapefruit consumption is expected to remain flat.
In MY 2011/12, Italy exported 1,875 MT of grapefruits, mainly to France (510 MT) and Slovenia (444 MT). MY 2011/12 Italy’s grapefruit imports reached 28,050 MT, mainly from South Africa (8,994 MT) and Israel (6,532 MT).
Abbreviations and definitions used in this report
MY Marketing year
Oranges, Tangerines, Lemons, Grapefruit, Orange Juice: November/October
Orange juice: 200911-200912-200919
MT Metric ton = 1000 kg
Ha hectare; 1 ha = 2.471 acres
EU European Union