India. Grain and Feed Update. Dec 2013 Dec. 26, 2013
MY 2013/14 milled rice production is lowered to 103 million metric tons (MMT) on crop damage due to recent cyclones on the eastern coast and heavy rains in eastern and southern states. MY 2012/13 export estimate is revised marginally lower to 10.9 MMT based on preliminary official statistics. Government wheat exports against the 2 MMT quota have resumed with lowering of the minimum export price from $300 to $260 per ton FOB in early November and issuance of seven tenders.
MY 2013/14 Production Lowered
Post’s MY 2013/14 milled rice production has been lowered to 103 million metric tons (MMT) as the recent cyclones in the eastern coast and heavy rains have damaged the standing rice crop, which was at maturity and harvest stage, in eastern and southern states.
Since early October, three consecutive cyclones (Phaillin, Helen and Lehar) on the eastern coast have caused significant damage to the rice crop in the coastal belt of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. The consequent heavy rains in the eastern states of West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand and eastern Uttar Pradesh have caused some crop lodging. Harvesting in the rain-affected areas has been significantly delayed as the mechanical harvesters are unable to operate due to wet soil conditions. Planting of rabi (winter planted) rice, mostly confined to West Bengal and southern states, has started and will continue through December. Although no official assessment of crop loss due to the recent cyclones and heavy rains is available, market sources report crop loss in the affected areas of around 3 MMT. Planting of rabi rice is likely to be higher than last year on improved soil moisture conditions, augmented water levels in irrigation reservoirs and relatively firm domestic prices. Assuming normal weather conditions, higher rabi rice production is likely to partially offset the recent crop loss. Consequently, MY 2013/14 rice production is revised lower to 103 MMT, which will be India’s record third highest crop ever.
Procurement Lag Behind Last Year
The government procurement of rice for the MY 2013/14 season as of November 19, 2012, is estimated at 11.05 MMT (milled basis) compared to 11.65 MMT for the corresponding period last year. Most procurement has been in the northern states of Punjab and Haryana. Procurement in other states like Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal will accelerate in December/January. However, overall procurement is likely to be lower than last year on production being affected by adverse weather conditions and relatively strong open market prices. Consequently, 2013/14 rice procurement is likely to be around 32 MMT compared to 34.0 MMT last year, and significantly below the government target (34.54 MMT).
Government rice stocks on November 1, 2012, were reported at 28.6 MMT, marginally lower than a year ago (29.0 MMT), but significantly higher than the government’s desired rice stocks (varies from 7.2 MMT on October 1 to 14.2 MMT on March 1).
Prices Gain Further
Domestic rice prices have gained strongly in November on reports of crop damage in Andhra Pradesh and other eastern states.
Rising domestic rice prices over the last few months has been a major concern for the government. With the Parliamentary elections due in next five months, the government may liquidate its ‘more-than-sufficient’ rice stocks to contain any further increase in domestic prices. MY 2012/13 Exports Revised Post’s MY 2012/13 exports estimate is revised marginally lower to 10.9 million tons based on the preliminary official statistics for October 2012 to September 2013. Preliminary export figures for the first ten months of CY 2013 indicate rice exports of 8.9 million MMT compared to 8.6 MMT during the corresponding period last year, and CY 2013 exports are likely to reach forecast 10.5 MMT.
Wheat Planting Progress Strongly
The Ministry of Agriculture’s 2013/14 rabi planting progress report shows planting of the 2014 wheat crop through November 29, 2012 at 17.94 million hectares compared to 15.85 million hectares at the same time last year. Despite the modest increase in the minimum support price (MSP) of wheat for the upcoming season, strong open market prices for wheat have encouraged farmers to go for wheat. Consequently, 2014 wheat planting is likely to be marginally higher than last year’s 29.4 million hectares.
With sufficient soil moisture due to late monsoon rains and adequate irrigation water available in major reservoirs in the growing areas, planting of wheat is likely to gather momentum from the last week of November. Planting is over in the northern and western states and is likely to be over in the central states by end of December. Planting of wheat is likely to continue through early January in eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar due to the delayed harvest of rice. India seems to be heading toward another bumper 2013 wheat outturn, assuming normal weather conditions follow throughout the season.
Prices Escalate/Flare Up
Domestic wheat prices gained very strongly in November on tight open market wheat supplies.
Currently, spot prices for wheat in major markets range from INR 15,100 ($245) to INR 19,800 ($322) per ton. Market sources report lack of availability and quality problems with the open market wheat, and the local millers are increasingly shifting to buying government wheat under the open market sale scheme. The government is currently selling wheat to local millers and bulk customers in various states at reserve prices ranging from INR 15,400 ($251) to INR 17,500 ($285) per ton plus taxes, which is below the open market prices in most states. The government may announce additional tranches of government wheat sales to the domestic market to reduce the “surplus” wheat stocks (34.1 MMT as of November 1, 2013). Though the government is likely to release additional wheat from its food grain stocks to the domestic market, prices are likely to remain firm through the remainder of MY 2013/14.
Government Wheat Exports Resume
In early November, the government lowered the minimum export price (MEP) for sale of government wheat from $300 per ton FOB to $260 per ton FOB. This has paved the way for resumption of government wheat exports against the 2.0 MMT export quota announced in August 2013. On November 15, 2013, the government parastatals assigned to export government wheat allocated about 340,000 MT to various private exporters at prices ranging from $284.70 to $289.90 per ton FOB and announced additional tenders for about 650,000 MT.
The parastatals are likely to let more tenders and to exhaust the 2.0 MMT quota by early January for shipment through March 2014.
Exports to Recover
Provisional trade statistics estimate wheat exports during April-October 2012 at 3.6 MMT, with exports tapering off from August onward as the government’s 4.5 MMT export quota was exhausted and exports of open market wheat were limited by relatively firm domestic prices.
India’s wheat exports are likely to recover from December onwards, with most exports likely to be government wheat against the 2.0 MMT export quota. Exports of open market wheat will be limited by relatively high open market prices, which are likely to remain firm during the balance of the season. Consequently, MY 2013/14 wheat exports are likely to reach 6.0 MMT