Report Highlights:

Italy’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) orange production is forecast to go back to MY 2011/12 levels thanks to favorable weather. Italy’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) lemon production is forecast to be excellent in terms of both quantity (+31 percent compared to the previous campaign) and quality (especially the Primofiore variety). Fruit grades are forecast to be good.

Oranges

PRODUCTION

Italy’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) orange production is forecast to go back to MY 2011/12 levels thanks to favorable weather. Production of red oranges is forecast to register an increase of 17 percent (1,415,000 MT) compared to the previous season (1,203,000 MT). Fruit quality is forecast to be good except for those plants affected by the citrus tristeza virus (CTV). A shortage of big size (size ¾) is foreseen, as there will be more small size oranges. Sicily and Calabria are the main orange-producing areas, accounting for 59 and 22 percent respectively. Tarocco, Moro, Sanguinello, Naveline, and Valencia are the chief varieties grown in Italy.

CONSUMPTION

Italy’s MY 2013/14 orange consumption is forecast to increase by approximately 8 percent driven by the increased production. Most oranges are consumed fresh. Blood varieties (Tarocco, Moro, and Sanguinello) are used mainly for fresh consumption. Late varieties (Ovale and Valencia) are destined to both fresh market and processing industry.

TRADE

In MY 2011/12, Italy exported 114,298 MT of oranges, mainly to Germany (35,140 MT), Austria (16,194 MT), and Switzerland (15,682 MT). Italy’s MY 2011/12 orange imports reached 178,151 MT, mainly from Spain (117,338 MT) and South Africa (30,599 MT).

Orange Juice

According to latest estimates, Italy is forecast to process about 345,600 MT of oranges in MY 2013/14 to produce 24,192 MT of concentrate. The total volume of oranges channeled to processing depends on crop quality and quantity of oranges destined for the fresh market, both domestic and foreign.

Tangerines

PRODUCTION

Italy’s MY 2013/14 tangerine production is forecast to slightly decrease by 4 percent compared to the previous season. Italy’s tangerine production consists of over 80 percent seedless clementines and nearly 20 percent mandarins. Italy’s MY 2013/14 clementine production is forecast to register an 8 percent drop (615,000 MT compared to 670,000 MT in 2012/13), while mandarin production is forecast to grow 18.8 percent (145,000 MT) compared to the previous season (122,000 MT). Quality is forecast to be satisfactory for both clementines and mandarins (especially the Avana and Ciaculli varieties). Calabria, Sicily, and Apulia are the main tangerine-producing areas, accounting for 50, 23, and 14 percent respectively. Comune or Oroval, and Monreal are the leading clementine varieties grown in Italy. Avana and Tardivo di Ciaculli are the main mandarin varieties.

CONSUMPTION

Italy’s MY 2013/14 tangerine consumption is forecast to slightly decrease by 3.6 percent compared the previous season. Most tangerines are consumed fresh. Italians consume large quantities of clementines and mandarins during winter holidays when the bulk of production hits the market.

TRADE

In MY 2011/12, Italy exported 116,831 MT of tangerines, mainly to Poland (28,278 MT), Romania (10,880 MT), Hungary (10,663 MT), Germany (8,426 MT), and Slovenia (8,203 MT). Italy’s MY 2011/12 tangerine imports reached 95,381 MT. Spain is the leading supplier to the Italian tangerine market, representing 87 percent (82,914 MT) of total imports.

Lemons

PRODUCTION

Italy’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) lemon production is forecast to be excellent in terms of both quantity (+31 percent compared to the previous campaign) and quality (especially the Primofiore variety). Fruit grades are forecast to be good. Sicily produces more than 86 percent of Italy’s lemons. Lemon-producing area is progressively decreasing: higher input costs and lower prices have negatively affected crop profitability. Femminello Commune (F. Zagara Bianca, F.Siracusano, F. S.Teresa), Monachello, and Interdonato are the main lemon varieties grown in Italy.

CONSUMPTION

Italy's MY 2013/14 Italian lemon consumption is forecast to grow 21.4 percent compared to the previous season. Italy’s lemon production is mostly destined for the fresh market.

TRADE

In MY 2011/12, Italy exported 38,313 MT of lemons, mainly to Germany (13,422 MT), Greece (5,680 MT), and Austria (4,584 MT). Italy’s MY 2011/12 lemon imports reached 110,753 MT, mostly from Spain (51,635 MT) and Argentina (37,574 MT).

Grapefruits

PRODUCTION

Italy’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) grapefruit production is forecast to rise 33 percent compared to the previous season thanks to favorable weather.

CONSUMPTION

Italy’s MY 2013/14 grapefruit consumption is forecast to register an increase of 3.7 percent compared to the previous campaign. 

TRADE

In MY 2011/12, Italy exported 1,935 MT of grapefruits, mainly to France (549 MT) and Slovenia (444 MT). Italy’s MY 2011/12 grapefruit imports reached 28,050 MT, mainly from South Africa (8,994 MT) and Israel (6,532 MT).

Abbreviations and definitions used in this report

MY Marketing year

Oranges, Tangerines, Lemons, Grapefruit, Orange Juice: November/October

HS Codes

Oranges: 080510

Tangerines: 080520

Lemons: 080550

Grapefruit: 080540

Orange juice: 200911-200912-200919

MT Metric ton = 1000 kg

Ha hectare; 1 ha = 2.471 acres

EU European Union