Greece. Citrus Annual. Dec 2013 Jan. 6, 2014
Greece’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) orange and tangerine productions are forecast to increase by 4.3 and 10.4 percent respectively thanks to favorable weather. Greece is a large importer of lemons. In MY 2011/12, Greece imported 31,384 MT of lemons, mainly from Argentina (15,770 MT), Turkey (5,903 MT), and Italy (4,354 MT).
Greece’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) orange production is forecast to increase by 4.3 percent compared to the previous year thanks to favorable weather. Fruit size is forecast to be on average. Peloponnese and Aitoloakarnaia (western Greece) are the main orange-producing areas. Washington Navel, Commons, Valencia, Navelina, and Newhall are the major orange varieties grown in Greece.
Greece’s MY 2013/14 orange consumption is forecast to grow 5.5 percent driven by the increased production. Most oranges are consumed fresh (channeled to open markets and grocery stores).
In MY 2011/12, Greece exported 331,295 MT of oranges mainly to Romania (68,050 MT), Germany (37,524 MT), Serbia (32,478 MT), Poland (28,339 MT), Hungary (25,810 MT), and Bulgaria (23,594 MT). Navels and Tardives are marketed mostly from November through March. In MY 2011/12, Greece imported 5,082 MT of fresh oranges mainly from South Africa (1,174 MT), Germany (1,136 MT), Bulgaria (982 MT), and Italy (935 MT).
Greece is forecast to process about 130,000 MT of oranges in MY 2013/14 to produce 7,982 MT of concentrate. The total volume of oranges channeled to processing depends on crop quality and the quantity of oranges destined for the fresh market, both domestic and foreign.
Commons variety is used predominantly in processing.
Greece’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) tangerine production is forecast to grow significantly 10.4 percent thanks to favorable weather. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Igoumenitsa, Arta, Mosologgi, and Thesprotia, located in northern Greece. Clementine is the major tangerine variety grown in Greece.
Most tangerines are consumed fresh. Clementines are consumed mainly along the west coast and cover early and late season demand, both domestically and abroad.
In MY 2011/12, Greece exported 74,838 MT of tangerines, mainly to Romania (19,478 MT), Bulgaria (13,868 MT), and Serbia (8,080 MT). Clementines are marketed from January to May. In MY 2011/12, Greece imported 3,362 MT of fresh tangerines mostly from Italy (1,696 MT) and Cyprus (768 MT).
Greece’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) lemon production is forecast to remain steady. The main lemon-producing areas include the prefectures of Korinthos, Achaia, Piraeus, and Ilias, located in northern Greece. The major lemon variety grown in Greece is Maglini, whose fruit is strongly aromatic, with a quite sour juice. It has a thin, shiny peel and when fully ripe has a yellow color.
Greece’s MY 2013/14 lemon consumption is forecast to stay flat. Greek lemon production is all destined for the fresh market. Greece has become increasingly reliant on imported lemon juice to meet consumer demand for soft drinks. The yield for lemon juice is 15-17 Kg of fresh lemons to produce 1 Kg of lemon juice, depending on the quality of the fruit.
Greece is a large importer of lemons. In MY 2011/12, Greece imported 31,384 MT of lemons, mainly from Argentina (15,770 MT), Turkey (5,903 MT), and Italy (4,354 MT). In MY 2011/12, Greece exported 5,922 MT of lemons mainly to Romania (2,407 MT) and Bulgaria (2,137 MT). The Maglini lemon variety is marketed from December to May and from September to November after artificial ripening.
Greece’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) grapefruit production is forecast to stay flat. The prefectures of Corinth and Kavala, the region of Thessaly, and the island of Crete are the major grapefruit-producing areas.
Greece’s MY 2013/2014 grapefruit consumption is expected to remain stable. Most grapefruits are consumed fresh.
In MY 2011/12, Greece exported 1,676 MT of grapefruits mainly to Bulgaria (620 MT) and Romania (452 MT). In MY 2011/12, Greece imported 3,128 MT of grapefruits mainly from South Africa (1,165 MT), Cyprus (530 MT), and China (415 MT).
Abbreviations and definitions used in this report
MY Marketing year
Oranges, Tangerines, Lemons, Grapefruit, Orange Juice: November/October
Orange juice: 200911-200912-200919
MT Metric ton = 1000 kg
Ha hectare; 1 ha = 2.471 acres
EU European Union