Report Highlights:

Greece’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) orange and tangerine productions are forecast to increase by 4.3 and 10.4 percent respectively thanks to favorable weather. Greece is a large importer of lemons. In MY 2011/12, Greece imported 31,384 MT of lemons, mainly from Argentina (15,770 MT), Turkey (5,903 MT), and Italy (4,354 MT).

Oranges

PRODUCTION

Greece’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) orange production is forecast to increase by 4.3 percent compared to the previous year thanks to favorable weather. Fruit size is forecast to be on average. Peloponnese and Aitoloakarnaia (western Greece) are the main orange-producing areas. Washington Navel, Commons, Valencia, Navelina, and Newhall are the major orange varieties grown in Greece.

CONSUMPTION

Greece’s MY 2013/14 orange consumption is forecast to grow 5.5 percent driven by the increased production. Most oranges are consumed fresh (channeled to open markets and grocery stores).

TRADE

In MY 2011/12, Greece exported 331,295 MT of oranges mainly to Romania (68,050 MT), Germany (37,524 MT), Serbia (32,478 MT), Poland (28,339 MT), Hungary (25,810 MT), and Bulgaria (23,594 MT). Navels and Tardives are marketed mostly from November through March. In MY 2011/12, Greece imported 5,082 MT of fresh oranges mainly from South Africa (1,174 MT), Germany (1,136 MT), Bulgaria (982 MT), and Italy (935 MT).

Orange Juice

Greece is forecast to process about 130,000 MT of oranges in MY 2013/14 to produce 7,982 MT of concentrate. The total volume of oranges channeled to processing depends on crop quality and the quantity of oranges destined for the fresh market, both domestic and foreign.

Commons variety is used predominantly in processing.

Tangerines

PRODUCTION

Greece’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) tangerine production is forecast to grow significantly 10.4 percent thanks to favorable weather. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Igoumenitsa, Arta, Mosologgi, and Thesprotia, located in northern Greece. Clementine is the major tangerine variety grown in Greece.

CONSUMPTION

Most tangerines are consumed fresh. Clementines are consumed mainly along the west coast and cover early and late season demand, both domestically and abroad.

TRADE

In MY 2011/12, Greece exported 74,838 MT of tangerines, mainly to Romania (19,478 MT), Bulgaria (13,868 MT), and Serbia (8,080 MT). Clementines are marketed from January to May. In MY 2011/12, Greece imported 3,362 MT of fresh tangerines mostly from Italy (1,696 MT) and Cyprus (768 MT).

Lemons

PRODUCTION

Greece’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) lemon production is forecast to remain steady. The main lemon-producing areas include the prefectures of Korinthos, Achaia, Piraeus, and Ilias, located in northern Greece. The major lemon variety grown in Greece is Maglini, whose fruit is strongly aromatic, with a quite sour juice. It has a thin, shiny peel and when fully ripe has a yellow color.

CONSUMPTION

Greece’s MY 2013/14 lemon consumption is forecast to stay flat. Greek lemon production is all destined for the fresh market. Greece has become increasingly reliant on imported lemon juice to meet consumer demand for soft drinks. The yield for lemon juice is 15-17 Kg of fresh lemons to produce 1 Kg of lemon juice, depending on the quality of the fruit.

TRADE

Greece is a large importer of lemons. In MY 2011/12, Greece imported 31,384 MT of lemons, mainly from Argentina (15,770 MT), Turkey (5,903 MT), and Italy (4,354 MT). In MY 2011/12, Greece exported 5,922 MT of lemons mainly to Romania (2,407 MT) and Bulgaria (2,137 MT). The Maglini lemon variety is marketed from December to May and from September to November after artificial ripening.

Grapefruits

PRODUCTION

Greece’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) grapefruit production is forecast to stay flat. The prefectures of Corinth and Kavala, the region of Thessaly, and the island of Crete are the major grapefruit-producing areas.

CONSUMPTION

Greece’s MY 2013/2014 grapefruit consumption is expected to remain stable. Most grapefruits are consumed fresh.

TRADE

In MY 2011/12, Greece exported 1,676 MT of grapefruits mainly to Bulgaria (620 MT) and Romania (452 MT). In MY 2011/12, Greece imported 3,128 MT of grapefruits mainly from South Africa (1,165 MT), Cyprus (530 MT), and China (415 MT).

Abbreviations and definitions used in this report

MY Marketing year

Oranges, Tangerines, Lemons, Grapefruit, Orange Juice: November/October

HS Codes

Oranges: 080510

Tangerines: 080520

Lemons: 080550

Grapefruit: 080540

Orange juice: 200911-200912-200919

MT Metric ton = 1000 kg

Ha hectare; 1 ha = 2.471 acres

EU European Union