Report Highlights:

Greece’s MY 2013/14 (July/June) apple and pear productions are forecast to decrease by 10.3 and 26 percent respectively, due to unfavorable weather and hail storms that affected many areas of the country. However, quality is excellent. Greece is the third largest producer of table grapes in the EU-28, behind Italy and Spain. According to industry estimates, MY 2013/14 table grape production is forecast to be satisfactory thanks to favorable weather conditions during flowering and fruit set.

APPLES

PRODUCTION

Greece’s MY 2013/14 (July/June) apple production is forecast to decrease by 10.3 percent, because of unfavorable spring conditions and successive wave of hailstorm affecting several areas, especially Pelion and Tripoli in Central Greece. However, quality is excellent. There are approximately 12,470 hectares currently cultivated for apples. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Kastoria, Pella, and Imathia in Macedonia; Volos, Larissa, Pelion, and Kissavos in Thessaly; Arcadia in Peloponnese. Almost 56 percent of Greek apple orchards consist of red varieties, predominately Red Delicious group. The green varieties (mostly Granny Smith) follow with 16 percent, and the yellow varieties (particularly Golden Delicious) with 9 percent. The remaining 19 percent of cultivated orchards are planted with Fuji, Gala, Jonagold, and new apple varieties (Ariane, Belgica, Cameo, Diwa, Honey Crunch, Jazz, Junami, Rubens, Tentation, Wellant, etc.). Due to its excellent quality and shapely form, the Zagora apple (a local Red Delicious variety) has been awarded by the European Commission as a PDO (Protected Designation of Origin), also known as Geographic Indication of Origin.

CONSUMPTION

MY 2013/14 Greek apple consumption is forecast to decrease by 12 percent driven by the decreased production. Most apples are consumed fresh.

TRADE

In MY 2012/13, Greece exported 46,656 MT of apples, mainly to Egypt (19,495 MT), Bulgaria (7,956 MT), Albania (4,934 MT), Turkey (3,378 MT), and Russia (3,017 MT). In MY 2012/13, Greece imported 10,803 MT of apples, mainly from Italy (3,202 MT), Germany (1,807 MT), Chile (1,803 MT) and Poland (1,780 MT).

PEARS

PRODUCTION

Greece’s MY 2013/14 (July/June) pear production is forecast to decrease by 26 percent due to unfavorable weather and hail storms that affected many areas of the country. Fruit size is forecast to be normal to large due to lower fruit set, but the quality is excellent. According to industry estimates, there are approximately 4,700 hectares currently cultivated for pears. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Tirnavos and Larissa in Thessaly, Laconia, and Korinth in Peloponnese. William Christ/Bartlett, Passacrassana, Abate Fetel, and Coscia-Ercollini are the leading pear varieties grown in Greece.

CONSUMPTION

MY 2013/14 Greek pear consumption is forecast to decrease by 22 percent driven by the decreased production. Most pears are consumed fresh.

TRADE

Greece’s MY 2012/13 pear imports reached 8,312 MT, mainly from Spain (2,460 MT), Argentina (2,280 MT), Italy (1,247 MT), and South Africa (1,003 MT). In MY 2012/13, Greece exported 4,608 MT of pears, mostly to Albania (1,414 MT), Bulgaria (1,303 MT), Romania (549 MT), and Macedonia (546 MT).

TABLE GRAPES

PRODUCTION

Greece is the third largest producer of table grapes in the EU-28, behind Italy and Spain. According to industry estimates, MY 2013/14 table grape production is forecast to be satisfactory thanks to favorable weather conditions during flowering and fruit set. In Greece, there are approximately 17,960 hectares currently cultivated with table grapes. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Corinth in Peloponnese; Kavala in Macedonia; and Heraklion in the island of Crete. Sultana (Thompson Seedless) and Victoria are the major table grape varieties grown in Greece.

TRADE

Greek table grapes (both seedless and seeded) are mainly marketed within Europe from late July to the end of September. Germany, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands represent the main destinations for Greek table grapes (especially Victoria and Sultana varieties). In MY 2012/13, Greece exported 63,005 MT of table grapes, mainly to Germany (22,000 MT), the United Kingdom (10,301 MT), the Netherlands (8,512 MT), and Poland (4,825 MT). In MY 2012/13, Greece imported 1,138 MT of table grapes, mainly from Italy (480 MT), the Netherlands (168 MT), and Chile (163 MT).

Abbreviations and definitions used in this report:
EU European Union
MS EU-28 Member State
Ha hectare; 1 ha = 2.471 acres
MT Metric ton = 1000 kg
MMT Million metric tons

MY Marketing year
Apples: July/June
Pears: July/June
Table Grapes: June/May

HS Codes:
Apples: 080810
Pears: 080830
Table grapes: 08061010