Report Highlights:

With more than 2MMT, Italy provides around 20 percent of the EU-28 apple production. MY 2013/14 apple production is forecast to increase by 10.8 percent compared to the previous year. Italy is the largest pear producer in the EU-28 and ranks third in the world after China and the United States. Italy’s MY 2013/14 pear production is forecast at 741,000 MT, a 14 percent increase over last season’s supply mainly thanks to good flowering and fruit set. Italy ranks sixth in world’s table grape production and third among table grape exporters, behind Chile and the United States. Italy’s MY 2013/14 table grape production is forecast to increase significantly from the previous campaign, mainly thanks to favorable weather during flowering and fruit set.

APPLES

PRODUCTION

With more than 2MMT, Italy provides around 20 percent of the EU-28 apple production. Trentino-South Tyrol covers 70 percent of apple production in Italy and 15 percent of the production in Europe. Veneto, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Piedmont, Emilia Romagna, Lombardia, and Campania are the main apple-producing areas. Golden Delicious, Gala, Red Delicious, Fuji, and Granny Smith represent the most widely planted varieties. Italy’s MY 2013/14 apple production is forecast to increase by 10.8 percent compared to the previous year. Alto Adige and Trentino registered production increases of 10.7 percent and 6.7 percent respectively, compared to 2012. Remarkable increases are forecast for Fuji (+32 percent), Granny Smith (+28 percent), Imperatore (+25 percent), Red Delicious (+17 percent), Gala (+6 percent), and Golden Delicious (+5 percent). Fruit size is forecast to be lower due to season delay by 8-10 days, but quality is high.

CONSUMPTION

Experts estimate that in MY 2013 around 86.5 percent (1,857,988 MT) of the Italian crop will be suitable for domestic fresh consumption and export, while the remainder (289,975MT) will be destined to the industry.

TRADE

In MY 2012/13, Italy exported 800,428 MT of apples, mainly to Germany (230,731 MT), Spain (89,781 MT), Libya (52,323 MT), France (41,643 MT), and Algeria (38,210 MT). In MY 2012/13, Italy imported 41,277 MT of apples, mainly from Germany (10,009 MT), Chile (6,012 MT), France (4,948 MT), Slovakia (4,613 MT), and Poland (3,264 MT).

PEARS

PRODUCTION

Italy is the largest pear producer in the EU-28 and ranks third in the world after China and the United States. Approximately 36,500 hectares of pear orchards are cultivated in Italy, mainly located in the northeast. Pear planted area has been declining over the last decade due to lack of profitable investment opportunities. Emilia-Romagna (Ferrara, Modena, and Bologna) is the main producing area with almost 66 percent of Italy’s total output. Abate Fetel is the dominant variety, followed by William B.C., Conference, Kaiser, Coscia-Ercollini, Doyenne du Comice, Passacrassana, and Guyot. Italy’s MY 2013/14 pear production is forecast at 741,000 MT, a 14 percent increase over last season’s supply mainly thanks to good flowering and fruit set. Remarkable increases are forecast for Kaiser (+46 pecent), Abate (+21 percent), and William BC (+7 percent). Fruit size and quality are forecast to be good.

CONSUMPTION

Italy consumes most of its domestic production, exporting almost 19 percent.

TRADE

Italy’s MY 2012/13 pear imports reached 93,573 MT, mainly from Argentina (37,145 MT), Spain (22,824 MT), Chile (12,970 MT), and South Africa (6,509 MT). In MY 2012/13, Italy exported 142,754 MT of pears, mainly to Germany (62,341 MT), France (21,756 MT), Austria (7,882 MT), and Libya (7,242 MT).

TABLE GRAPES

PRODUCTION

Italy ranks sixth in world’s table grape production and third among table grape exporters, behind Chile and the United States. Italian table grape production is concentrated in Southern Italy, mainly in Apulia and Sicily, which account for 70 and 25 percent of the domestic production, respectively. Italia, Victoria and Red Globe are the main varieties in Italy, covering about 66 percent of the table grape area. In the last few years, Italy has gradually moved to seedless grapes cultivation, due to an increasing demand from intra and extra EU markets. Sugraone and Crimson are the most popular seedless varieties followed by Thompson, Centennial, and Sublime.

Italy’s MY 2013/14 table grape production is forecast to increase significantly from the previous campaign, mainly thanks to favorable weather during flowering and fruit set.

Early (Black Magic and Vittoria), medium and late (Italia, Palieri, Pizzutello Bianca, and Red Globe), and seedless varieties that have been grown using the overhead table grape vineyard system (“tendone” training system) are reported to be of excellent quality, color, and sugar content. Early varieties (Black Magic and Vittoria) are sold from May to the end of July. For medium and late varieties (Italia, Palieri, Pizzutello Bianca, and Red Globe) ― mainly from Sicily, Abruzzo, Apulia, Basilicata, and Sardinia―the harvest occurs from August to December.

CONSUMPTION

Italy is the leading table grape consumer in the EU-28, followed by Germany, the United Kingdom, France, and Spain. Despite the fact that Italian seeded grapes are still appreciated, experts claim that EU-28 consumers are increasingly demanding seedless varieties. Thus, many EU-28 table grapes farmers are replacing old seeded varieties with new seedless ones (i.e. Sugraone, Crimson, Thompson, Centennial, Sublime, etc.)

TRADE

Germany, France, and Poland continue to be the main destinations for Italy’s table grapes. Spain, the Netherlands, Egypt, and Chile continue to be the main suppliers to the Italian table grape market.

Abbreviations and definitions used in this report:
EU European Union
MS EU-28 Member State
Ha hectare; 1 ha = 2.471 acres
MT Metric ton = 1000 kg
MMT Million metric tons

MY Marketing year
Apples: July/June
Pears: July/June
Table Grapes: June/May

HS Codes:
Apples: 080810
Pears: 080820
Table grapes: 08061010