Report Highlights: 

Italy is Europe's fourth-biggest producer of biodiesel after Germany, France, and Spain, with a capacity of approximately 2.2 MMT per year.

Italy’s Biofuels Overview 2014 

Biodiesel 

Italy is Europe's fourth-biggest producer of biodiesel after Germany, France, and Spain, with a capacity of approximately 2.2 MMT per year. Italian biodiesel operators include two categories: biodiesel producers and oilseed crushers. The latter produce pure vegetal oil for biofuels as well as the agro-food industry. Some of the oilseed crushers also engage in producing biodiesel. Biodiesel in Italy is produced mainly from imported rapeseed (40 percent), soybean (30 percent), and palm oil (25 percent). The remainder is made of recycled vegetable oils, sunflower oil, and animal fats. Rapeseed oil is mostly imported from EU countries (France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Belgium), while soybean oil is either imported from the EU or domestically produced from imported beans. Palm oil is chiefly imported by Indonesia and Malaysia. Biodiesel in Italy is exclusively used in blends with traditional diesel for transport or diesel for heating. During 2013, Italy imported 812,000 MT of biodiesel mainly from the Netherlands, Spain, Indonesia, and Germany.

Bioethanol 

Italy’s bioethanol capacity is approximately 215,000 MT per year. Cereals (corn and wheat), wine, and wine byproducts (wine pomace and dregs) are responsible for the majority of the Italian ethanol production. However, only a limited portion of the total output is fuel ethanol, while the remainder is destined to industrial chemicals.

Italy is a net importer of bioethanol, with approximately 270,000 MT imported in 2013.

Abbreviations and definitions used in this report 

Biodiesel: Fatty acid methyl ester produced from agricultural feedstock (vegetable oils, animal fat, recycled cooking oils) used as transport fuel to substitute for petroleum diesel. 

Bioethanol: Ethanol produced from agricultural feedstock used as transport fuel 

HS: Harmonized System of tariff codes 

MMT: Million Metric Tons 

MT: Metric ton (1,000 kg) 

1 MT Biodiesel 1,136 liters 

1 MT Ethanol 1,267 liters