Chile. Fresh Deciduous Fruit Semi-annual. May 2014 May 28, 2014
Chile’s apples, table grapes and pear production and exports are expected to fall compared to the previous year as a result of adverse weather conditions during last spring in most growing areas.
Our estimates show that production of apples, table grapes and pears will fall in 2014, as weather has not been favorable for fresh fruit production. Exports will also fall accordingly.
As reported adverse climatic conditions, mainly heavy frost last spring (September 2013) in the mayor fresh fruit production areas of the O’Higgins Region (Rancagua) and Maule Region (San Fernando, Curico) affected total apple output. At that time the industry estimated production would fall over 12 percent when compared to the previous season, but latest production estimates indicate that production is expected to be smaller only by an estimated 8 percent. Many producers reported a large percentage of smaller apples which result in a smaller total production volume.
There are no official statistics on domestic fresh apple consumption.
As a result of a smaller production total apple exports are expected to be down when compared to the previous season. Chilean exports of apples this year is likely to reach a total of about 800,000 tones, four percent less than last year.
Grapes, Table, Fresh
Chile produces over 36 varieties of table grapes for export. Thompson Seedless, Crimson Seedless, Red globe, Flame Seedless Superior Seedless, Sugraone and Autumn Royal account for over 90 percent of production. Table Grapes are planted from the Atacama Region (Copiapo) to the Maule Region (Curico-Talca).
Heavy frost last Spring (mid-September 2013) mainly in the central fruit producing areas, specifically from the Metropolitan Region (Santiago) through the Maule Region (Curico, Talca), when thermometers reached between -4 to -5º for over 5 hours, affected all fresh fruit production negatively. The Industry predicted that total table grape production was expected to be down 20 percent when compared to last year’s harvest. Industry sources indicated that as a result of measures taken by most producers and excellent weather during the harvest season, total output will most probably be down by only 10 to 12 percent.
As with other Chilean fresh fruits, domestically consumed table grapes are mainly export rejects. There are no official statistics on domestic consumption. Domestic fresh consumption is derived from the only known figure, which is exports, and estimated production data. Domestic consumption and processing, generally accounts for about 30 percent of total output.
Trade:The lower volumes of table grape exports are mainly due to abnormally cold weather during last spring in the main production areas which affected mainly the early varieties like Sugraone and Flame Seedless. United Sates is still the main destination for Chilean table grapes, a little over 46 percent of total exports go to that market. China is Chile’s second largest market with only 10 percent of total table grape exports.
Abnormal weather during last spring, heavy frost for two consecutive days in mid-September of 2013, which affected all fresh fruit production in Chile, lowered pear output during this production season. Total production and exports are expected to be down over 10 percent when compared to the previous season.
Most pears are consumed fresh because only a few existing varieties in Chile can be processed for canned pears or juice concentrates. Domestically consumed pears are mainly export rejects.
As of end of April all pear varieties are down in exports by over 10 percent. The only exception is the Packhams Triumph’s variety which expanded by 10 percent, according to the Ministry of Agriculture’s recently published export figures