Report Highlights: 

Greece’s MY 2013/14 orange production is expected to increase by 4.3 percent compared to the previous year thanks to favorable weather. Fruit size is forecast to be on average. Greece’s MY 2013/14 lemon production is forecast to remain steady. Greece is a large importer of lemons. In MY 2012/13, Greece imported 24,343 MT of lemons, mainly from Argentina (16,241 MT), Turkey (3,154 MT), and Italy (1,769 MT).

Oranges

PRODUCTION 

Greece’s MY 2013/14 orange production is expected to increase by 4.3 percent compared to the previous year thanks to favorable weather. Fruit size is forecast to be on average. Peloponnese and Aitoloakarnaia (western Greece) are the main orange-producing areas. Washington Navel, Commons, Valencia, Navelina, and Newhall are the major orange varieties grown in Greece. 

CONSUMPTION 

Most oranges are consumed fresh (channeled to open markets and grocery stores). 

TRADE 

In MY 2012/13, Greece exported 350,654 MT of oranges mainly to Romania (67,935 MT), Serbia (38,703 MT), Poland (32,707 MT), Germany (31,605 MT), Bulgaria (28,855 MT), and Hungary (26,576 MT). Navels and Tardives are marketed mostly from November through March. In MY 2012/13, Greece imported 4,931 MT of fresh oranges mainly from South Africa (1,728 MT), Bulgaria (970 MT), and The Netherlands (522 MT).

Orange Juice

Greece is expected to process approximately 135,000 MT of oranges in MY 2013/14 to produce 8,105 MT of concentrate. The total volume of oranges channeled to processing depends on crop quality and the quantity of oranges destined for the fresh market, both domestic and foreign. 

Commons variety is used predominantly in processing. 

Tangerines

PRODUCTION 

Greece’s MY 2013/14 tangerine production is expected to decrease by 3 percent. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Igoumenitsa, Arta, Mosologgi, and Thesprotia, located in northern Greece. Clementine is the major tangerine variety grown in Greece. 

CONSUMPTION 

Most tangerines are consumed fresh. Clementines are consumed mainly along the west coast and cover early and late season demand, both domestically and abroad.

TRADE 

In MY 2012/13, Greece exported 93,970 MT of tangerines, mainly to Romania (20,624 MT), Bulgaria (15,019 MT), and Russia (12,257 MT). Clementines are marketed from January to May. In MY 2012/13, Greece imported 3,807 MT of fresh tangerines mostly from Italy (1,171 MT) and Cyprus (1,162 MT). 

Lemons

PRODUCTION 

Greece’s MY 2013/14 lemon production is forecast to remain steady. The main lemon-producing areas include the prefectures of Korinthos, Achaia, Piraeus, and Ilias, located in northern Greece. The major lemon variety grown in Greece is Maglini, whose fruit is strongly aromatic, with a quite sour juice. It has a thin, shiny peel and when fully ripe has a yellow color. 

CONSUMPTION 

Greek lemon production is all destined for the fresh market. Greece has become increasingly reliant on imported lemon juice to meet consumer demand for soft drinks. The yield for lemon juice is 15-17 Kg of fresh lemons to produce 1 Kg of lemon juice, depending on the quality of the fruit. 

TRADE 

Greece is a large importer of lemons. In MY 2012/13, Greece imported 24,343 MT of lemons, mainly from Argentina (16,241 MT), Turkey (3,154 MT), and Italy (1,769 MT). In MY 2012/13, Greece exported 6,653 MT of lemons mainly to Bulgaria (2,314 MT) and Romania (2,183 MT). The Maglini lemon variety is marketed from December to May and from September to November after artificial ripening. 

Grapefruits

PRODUCTION 

Greece’s MY 2013/14 grapefruit production is forecast to stay flat. The prefectures of Corinth and Kavala, the region of Thessaly, and the island of Crete are the major grapefruit-producing areas. 

CONSUMPTION 

Most grapefruits are consumed fresh. 

TRADE 

In MY 2012/13, Greece exported 1,573 MT of grapefruits mainly to Bulgaria (760 MT) and Macedonia (180 MT). In MY 2012/13, Greece imported 3,682 MT of grapefruits mainly from South Africa (1,960 MT), Cyprus (490 MT), and The Netherlands (414 MT). 

Abbreviations and definitions used in this report 

MY Marketing year

Oranges, Tangerines, Lemons, Grapefruit, Orange Juice: November/October 

HS Codes 

Oranges: 080510 

Tangerines: 080520 

Lemons: 080550 

Grapefruit: 080540 

Orange juice: 200911; 200912; 200919 

MT Metric ton = 1000 kg 

Ha hectare; 1 ha = 2.471 acres 

EU European Union