Italy. Citrus Semi-Annual. Sep 2014 Sept. 15, 2014
Italy’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) orange production is expected to increase by 4 percent. A shortage of big size (size ¾) is expected, as there will be more small size oranges. Fruit quality is expected to be good, despite the unfavorable weather. MY 2013/14 tangerine, lemon, and grapefruit productions are expected to stay flat.
Italy’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) orange production is expected to increase by 4 percent. A shortage of big size (size ¾) is expected, as there will be more small size oranges. Fruit quality is expected to be good, despite the unfavorable weather. Sicily and Calabria are the main orange-producing areas, accounting for 59 and 22 percent respectively. Tarocco, Moro, Sanguinello, Naveline, and Valencia are the chief varieties grown in Italy.
Italy’s MY 2013/14 orange consumption is expected to stay flat at lower levels than MY 2011/12 as economic challenges affected consumer choice and purchase ability. Most oranges are consumed fresh. Blood varieties (Tarocco, Moro, and Sanguinello) are used mainly for fresh consumption. Late varieties (Ovale and Valencia) are destined to both fresh market and processing industry.
In MY 2012/13, Italy exported 126,083 MT of oranges, mainly to Germany (39,384 MT), Switzerland (20,120 MT), and Austria (14,347 MT). Italy’s MY 2012/13 orange imports reached 223,566 MT, mainly from Spain (144,038 MT) and South Africa (34,347 MT).
According to latest estimates, Italy is forecast to process about 365,000 MT of oranges in MY 2013/14 to produce 25,550 MT of concentrate. The total volume of oranges channeled to processing depends on crop quality and quantity of oranges destined for the fresh market, both domestic and foreign.
Italy’s MY 2013/14 tangerine production is expected to stay flat. Italy’s tangerine production consists of over 80 percent seedless clementines and nearly 20 percent mandarins. Italy’s MY 2013/14 clementine production is expected to remain stable (668,000 MT compared to 670,000 MT in 2012/13), so as mandarin production (121,000 MT compared to 122,000 MT in 2012/13). Quality is expected to be satisfactory for both clementines and mandarins. Calabria, Sicily, and Apulia are the main tangerine-producing areas, accounting for 50, 23, and 14 percent respectively. Comune or Oroval and Monreal are the leading clementine varieties grown in Italy. Avana and Tardivo di Ciaculli are the main mandarin varieties.
Most tangerines are consumed fresh. Italy’s MY 2013/14 tangerine fresh consumption is expected to slightly decrease by 3.9 percent compared the previous season as a lot of product is expected to be destined to the processing industry. Italians consume large quantities of clementines and mandarins during winter holidays when the bulk of production hits the market.
In MY 2012/13, Italy exported 89,421 MT of tangerines, mainly to Poland (18,602 MT), Romania (10,338 MT), Lithuania (7,813 MT), and Hungary (7,643 MT). Italy’s MY 2012/13 tangerine imports reached 90,811 MT. Spain is the leading supplier to the Italian tangerine market, representing 87 percent (79,119 MT) of total imports.
Italy’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) lemon production is expected to stay flat. Sizes are regular. Sicily produces more than 86 percent of Italy’s lemons. Lemon-producing area is progressively decreasing: higher input costs and lower prices have negatively affected crop profitability. Femminello Commune (F. Zagara Bianca, F.Siracusano, F. S.Teresa), Monachello, and Interdonato are the main lemon varieties grown in Italy.
Italy’s lemon production is mostly destined for the fresh market. Italy's MY 2013/14 Italian lemon consumption is expected to decrease by 5.9 percent percent compared to the previous season as a lot of product is expected to be destined to the processing industry.
In MY 2012/13, Italy exported 39,452 MT of lemons, mainly to Germany (13,166 MT) and Austria (4,853 MT). Italy’s MY 2012/13 lemon imports reached 97,451 MT, mostly from Spain (40,467 MT) and Argentina (38,550 MT).
Italy’s MY 2013/14 (November/October) grapefruit production is expected to stay flat.
Italy’s MY 2013/14 grapefruit consumption is expected to remain stable.
In MY 2012/13, Italy exported 2,583 MT of grapefruits, mainly to Slovenia (627 MT), the Netherlands (355 MT), and France (331 MT). Italy’s MY 2012/13 grapefruit imports reached 28,604 MT, mainly from South Africa (11,582 MT), Israel (4,924 MT), and Cyprus (3,513 MT).
Abbreviations and definitions used in this report
MY Marketing year
Oranges, Tangerines, Lemons, Grapefruit, Orange Juice: November/October
Orange juice: 200911; 200912; 200919
MT Metric ton = 1000 kg
Ha hectare; 1 ha = 2.471 acres
EU European Union