Chile. Fresh Deciduous Fruit Annual. Nov 2014 Jan. 12, 2015
Forecasts for MY 2015 production and exports of Chilean table grapes, apples and pears are expected be greater than the previous MY, as a result of stable weather conditions and sufficient cold accumulation during the previous winter months. Table grape and pear production in particular are expected to climb by 14.2% and 8.6% respectively.
Stable weather during this last winter and sufficient cold hours accumulated has resulted in a positive effect on budding for fresh deciduous fruits. Industry sources expect production to increase, which will also positively impact exports for apples, table grapes and pears that are typically exported on consignment. Table grape and pear production in particular are expected to climb by 14.2% and 8.6% respectively.
Total output for the coming 2015 production season (January 2015 through December 2015), producers are forecasting a larger harvest than in CY2014 of 100,000MT, as weather conditions where fairly normal over the last winter. In addition, higher than normal temperatures over the spring months are not expected to have a negative effect on quality and total volume of the production.
Producers have been diversifying their orchards, by planting new and more productive varieties, i.e., Fuji, Gala, Jonathan, Braeburn, Pink Lady and Galaxies in replacement for the traditional varieties, such as Red Delicious and its variations (i.e., Richard Red, Starking, etc.) and increasing orchard density. As a result we expect that output will expand under normal weather conditions in the coming years. Red apple varieties constitute over 75 percent of total planting and output. The main green variety is Granny Smith, which is used both for fresh export (mainly to Europe and the United States) as well as for concentrated apple juice production.
There are no official statistics on domestic fresh apple consumption.
The US continues to be Chile’s largest export market for apples.
Grapes, Table, Fresh
MY 2015 production is expected to increase by 14.2% for table grapes as a result of weather conditions being stable in all production areas. Sufficient cold hours accumulated during last winter will assure a good production and harvest in the coming season. Some areas in Atacama (Copiapo), Coquimbo and Valparaiso Region are being affected by a drought for the third year, as a result total output of these areas are uncertain according to a contact, but total output is not expected to be affected.
Chile produces over 36 varieties of table grapes for export. Thompson Seedless and Flame Seedless account for the bulk of production. Varieties like Red Globe, Superior Seedless, Crimson and Autumn Royal continued to increase in the last few years, as most of the replanting has been with these varieties. Table Grapes are planted from Atacama Region (Copiapo) to Maule Region (Curico-Talca).
As a result of new and updated planting statistics published by the Ministry of Agriculture we adjusted the total area planted in our PS&D table. Nonetheless, industry sources agree that significant new plantings are not likely for the next few years as economic returns have been affected by increasing costs and in general falling prices for table grapes. Additionally, a revaluation of the Chilean peso against the dollar, some years ago, has not helped the fresh fruit export industry in general, as their cost are in pesos and the income is in dollars.
As with most Chilean fresh fruits, domestically consumed table grapes are mainly export rejects. There are no official statistics on domestic consumption. Domestic fresh consumption is derived from the only known figure, which is exports, and estimated production data. Domestic consumption generally accounts for about 10 percent of total output, while processing, mainly into raisins, accounts for another 30 percent.
Table grape export volumes are expected to increase in 2015 when compared with the previous year, as a result of a larger production. Over 40 percent of total exports go to the US. The EU is Chile’s second most important export market of table grape. As in the past, table grapes are being imported during the off-season from the United States. MY 2015 exports are expected to increase by 14.6% over MY 2014, due to an increase in production and consignment shipments of table grapes expected.
Although it is still early for a good prediction on pear production volumes, weather has been good for fruit fresh fruit in general. Similar to table grapes and apples, this last winter provided enough cold hours for good budding for pears, which are likely to have a positive effect on total production. As a result total production is expected to increase by 8.6 % in MY 2015.
There are over 36 pear varieties grown in Chile. Packam's Triumph and Beurre Bosc make up over 60 percent of Chile's exports. Other important varieties in Chile are Abate Fetel, Summer Bartlets and D’Anjou.
Most pears are consumed fresh because only a few existing varieties in Chile can be processed for canned pears or juice concentrates. Domestically consumed pears are mainly export rejects.
MY 2015 exports are expected to increase by 9% over MY 2014, in line with the production expansion. The European Union is Chile’s main export market close to 50 percent of pear exports are destined for the EU