Report Highlights: 

Greece’s MY 2014/15 (July/June) apple production is forecast to decrease by 2 percent, because of the low temperatures occurred during fruit setting and maturity phases. Greece’s MY 2014/15 (July/June) pear production is forecast to slightly increase from the previous year, but still below MY 2012/13 levels. Quality is good. Greece is the third largest producer of table grapes in the EU-28, behind Italy and Spain. According to industry estimates, after a record campaign in MY 2013/14, MY 2014/15 table grape production is forecast at 298,000 MT. The crop season, which started during the second week of August and is expected to end early this year, is forecast to be satisfactory both in terms of caliber and quality.

APPLES

PRODUCTION 

Greece’s MY 2014/15 (July/June) apple production is forecast to decrease by 2 percent, because of the low temperatures occurred during fruit setting and maturity phases. In Greece, there are approximately 12,470 hectares currently cultivated for apples. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Kastoria, Pella, and Imathia in Macedonia; Volos, Larissa, Pelion, and Kissavos in Thessaly; Arcadia in Peloponnese. Almost 56 percent of Greek apple orchards consist of red varieties, predominately Red Delicious group. The green varieties (mostly Granny Smith) follow with 16 percent, and the yellow varieties (particularly Golden Delicious) with 9 percent. The remaining 19 percent of cultivated orchards are planted with Fuji, Gala, Jonagold, and new apple varieties (Ariane, Belgica, Cameo, Diwa, Honey Crunch, Jazz, Junami, Rubens, Tentation, Wellant, etc.). Due to its excellent quality and shapely form, the Zagora apple (a local Red Delicious variety) has been awarded by the European Commission as a PDO (Protected Designation of Origin), also known as Geographic Indication of Origin. 

TRADE 

In MY 2013/14, Greece exported 67,410 MT of apples, mainly to Egypt (35,126 MT). Exports to Russia reached 2,115 MT. In MY 2013/14, Greece imported 16,986 MT of apples, mainly from Macedonia (5,427 MT), Italy (4,430 MT), Poland (1,587 MT), and Germany (1,207 MT). 

PEARS 

PRODUCTION 

Greece’s MY 2014/15 (July/June) pear production is forecast to slightly increase from the previous year, but still below MY 2012/13 levels. Quality is good. According to industry estimates, there are approximately 4,700 hectares currently cultivated for pears. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Tirnavos and Larissa in Thessaly; Laconia and Korinth in Peloponnese. William Christ/Bartlett, Passacrassana, Abate Fetel, and Coscia-Ercollini are the leading pear varieties grown in Greece. 

TRADE 

Greece’s MY 2013/14 pear imports reached 8,314 MT, mainly from Argentina (2,461 MT), Spain (2,428 MT), South Africa (1,124 MT), and Italy (1,018 MT). In MY 2013/14, Greece exported 4,396 MT of pears, mostly to Albania (1,197 MT) and Bulgaria (1,182 MT). Exports to Russia totaled 45 MT. 

TABLE GRAPES 

PRODUCTION 

Greece is the third largest producer of table grapes in the EU-28, behind Italy and Spain. According to industry estimates, after a record campaign in MY 2013/14, MY 2014/15 table grape production is forecast at 298,000 MT. The crop season, which started during the second week of August and is expected to end early this year, is forecast to be satisfactory both in terms of caliber and quality. In Greece, there are approximately 17,000 hectares currently cultivated with table grapes. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Corinth in Peloponnese; Kavala in Macedonia; and Heraklion in the island of Crete. Sultana (Thompson Seedless) and Victoria are the leading table grape varieties grown in Greece. Moreover, a greater focus is now being placed on diversifying Greece’s grape offer to extend the marketing season into October and November. 

TRADE 

In MY 2013/14, Greece exported 89,217 MT of table grapes (especially Victoria and Sultana varieties), mainly to Germany (36,463 MT), the United Kingdom (12,583 MT), the Netherlands (9,560 MT), and Poland (7,586 MT). Exports to Russia totaled 288 MT. Greek table grapes (both seedless and seeded) are mainly marketed within Europe from late July to the end of September. In MY 2013/14, Greece imported 1,088 MT of table grapes, mainly from Italy (237 MT), Germany (202 MT), and Romania (188 MT). 

Abbreviations and definitions used in this report: 

EU European Union 

MS EU-28 Member State 

Ha hectare; 1 ha = 2.471 acres 

MT Metric ton = 1000 kg 

MMT Million metric tons 

MY Marketing year 

Apples: July/June 

Pears: July/June 

Table Grapes: June/May 

HS Codes: 

Apples: 080810 

Pears: 080830 

Table grapes: 08061010