Report Highlights: 

Marketing Year (MY) 2014/15 (Aug/July) cotton seed production is expected to fall 5 percent from Post August’s forecast to 1.77 million tons. The estimated crop decline is primarily the result of intermittent rains with long pause in June and July. Nevertheless, MY 2014/15 production is expected to increase by 10 percent from the previous year. Burkina Faso, the largest cotton producer in West Africa, forecasts stable production similar to the previous year at 645,000 tons while Mali foresees a 25 percent growth at 550,000 tons. Cote d’Ivoire expects an 8 percent increase at 440,000 tons, Chad 46 percent increase at 120,000 tons, while Senegal forecasts a 28 percent decline at 21,000 tons. MY 2013/14 farm gate price for Cote d’Ivoire was recalculated in August 2014, and a gain of 4.5 F CFA ($0.009) was added to the initial price making the final price 254.5 F CFA ($0.50). The cotton producers decided to use the additional revenue to create a microfinance institution.

Executive Summary: 

Despite a difficult rainy season with a long pause in June and July, seed cotton production for Senegal, Cote d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Mali and Chad for MY 2014/15 is estimated at 1.77 million tons, down 5 percent from the initial target due to dry season at planting time. However, this production is expected to increase 10 percent from the preceding year. 

Except for Cote d’Ivoire, other countries have revised down their previous forecasts. Burkina Faso, the largest cotton producer in West Africa, now estimates its production at 645,000 tons, with no change compared to last year’s, but a 9 percent decrease from its initial forecast due to less favorable weather conditions. Mali anticipates a 25 percent growth compared to the previous year and 9 percent drop from previous target. Chad plans to increase production by 46 percent from last year, but a 20 percent decrease from initial forecast. Senegal expects its production to drop by 28 percent from the previous year, a 33 percent decrease from its initial forecast. 

Ivoirian cotton producers received an extra price of 4.5 F CFA per kg on top of the 250 F CFA announced MY 2013/14 farm gate price. Consequently, the cotton producers decided to use the extra fund to create a microfinance institution. 

In Chad, last season’s farm gate cotton and inputs prices for fertilizers and urea have been tacitly renewed since no decision was made on time. 

The new Intercoton association (Interprofessionnelle de la filiere cotton) which regroups all cotton stakeholders including producers, ginners, crushers, and textile actors was officially recognized by the Government of Cote d’Ivoire (GOCI) in September 2014. 

MY 2014/15 cotton update for selected West African countries 

Burkina Faso 

Production 

In August 2014, Burkina Faso forecasted 710,000 tons of seed cotton production for MY 2014/15 but due to a difficult rainy season, particularly in the Eastern part of the country which is an important cotton production zone, it reduced the estimate down. Consequently, Burkina Faso’s MY 2014/15 seed cotton production is now estimated to be about the same quantity as the previous year, but 9 percent less than the initial forecast. Cotton companies estimate cotton production at 645,000 tons. 

MY 2014/15 fixed prices for fertilizer and urea dropped five percent compared to the previous year (from 15,500 F CFA ($31) per 50 kg bag in MY 2013/14 to 14,800 F CFA ($29.6) per 50 kg bag in MY 2014/15. 

Biotechnology Update 

Burkina Faso expects about 70 percent of the area harvested in MY 2014/15 will be Bt cotton. 

Mali 

Production 

Mali is the second largest cotton producer in the region. The Compagnie Malienne pour le Développement des Textiles (CMDT) forecasts MY 2014/15 seed cotton production to reach 550,000 tons, 9 percent less than Government of Mali’s (GOM) initial target (600,000 tons). The reduction is due to the 25,000 hectares that were flooded. However, MY 2014/15 production will represents 25 percent increase compared to the preceding year and a 6 percent increase compared to the CMDT National Strategic Development Program MY 2014/15’s objective. 

The MY 2014/15 farm gate cotton price is set at 235 F CFA ($0.47), 6.4 percent below last season’s (250 F CFA ($0.50) per kg). 

The African Biosafety Network of Expertise (ABNE) has postponed the workshop it was supposed to organize in September 2014 to early 2015. The objective of the workshop was to reinforce the capacity of biosafety regulators to manage requests of confined field trials of genetically engineered organisms. 

Cote d’Ivoire 

Production 

Cote d’Ivoire’s August forecast did not change and MY 2014/15 seed cotton production is still estimated at 440,000 tons, representing 8 percent growth from last season due mainly to the increase in number of farmers (60,000 in 2008 to 115,000 in 2014). 

Cote d’Ivoire expects to harvest 414,000 hectares of seed cotton in MY 2014/15. 

This production is still far from the Government of Cote d’Ivoire’s (GOCI) objective which is to produce 600,000 tons in MY 2015/16 and 800,000 tons by 2020. 

Privatization 

The new Intercoton Association (Interprofessionnelle de la filiere coton) which regroups all cotton stakeholders including producers, ginners, crushers, and textile actors was recognized officially by the Government of Cote d’Ivoire (GOCI) in September 2014. 

Pricing 

In August 2014, the MY 2013/14 farm gate price was recalculated at 262.86 F CFA per kg instead of 250 F CFA per Kg announced at the beginning of the campaign. The agreement signed in April 2013 between the inter-professional cotton actors to determine farm gate price, stipulated that for any extra gain from fiber sales, 35 percent of it should be paid to the producers and 65 percent to the ginners. Consequently, 4.5 F CFA per kg was added to the previous price. Producers then decided to use the fund to create a microfinance institution. 

MY 2014/15 farm gate price is fixed at 230 F CFA ($0.46) per kg. 

Input prices for MY 2014/15 are fixed at 14,495 F CFA ($29) per 50 kg bag of fertilizer and 13,310 F CFA ($26.6) per 50 kg bag of urea representing 9 percent and 16 percent increase respectively from the previous year. 

Senegal 

Production 

The rainy season in Senegal started early but ended during the planting season (June and July). Rain resumed in August and was regular and well distributed. The few rains in October did not add much to cotton production. Therefore, initially forecasted planted area decreased and the Societe de Developement des Fibres Textiles (SODEFITEX) announced in July that it would only meet 85 percent of their objective representing 28,000 tons of seed cotton. After a second assessment in august, MY 2014/15 seed cotton production was finally estimated at 21,292 tons planted over 25,057 hectares and a yield of 0.850 tons per hectare. The MY 2014/15 production will record a 24 percent decrease from the August‘s estimate (28,000 tons). 

Pricing 

Farm gate price usually announced at the beginning of the campaign in April/May has not yet been announced. 

MY 2014/15 input prices are fixed at 10,500 F CFA ($ 21) for 50 kg bag of urea and 12,500 F CFA ($25) for 50 Kg bag of fertilizer, representing 17 percent and 40 percent increase, respectively, from last year prices.  

Chad 

Production 

Chad’s MY 2014/15 seed cotton production is estimated to increase by 46 percent from the preceding year but a decrease of 20 percent from initial forecast. This increase is primarily due to a better raining condition. 

The harvested area is 255 000 hectares which gives a yield of 0.471 tons per hectares. This yield is the lowest in the selected countries due to low use of inputs and non respect of technical itineraries. 

Pricing 

Farm gate cotton and inputs prices for fertilizers and urea have been tacitly renewed from last season since no decision was made on time. 

Acronyms 

ABNE African Biosafety Network of Expertise 

CMDT Compagnie Malienne pour le Développement des Textiles 

GOCI Government of Cote d’Ivoire 

GOM Government of Mali 

GOS Government of Senegal 

INTERCOTON Association Interprofessionnelle de la Filiere Coton 

SODEFITEX Société de Développement et des Fibres Textiles