Report Highlights: 

Italy’s MY 2014/15 (November/October) orange production is forecast to be lower than the previous campaign. Blonde varieties are forecast to register a 10 percent decrease (15-20 percent in Sicily in the early areas), while Blood oranges are forecast to drop 30 percent, especially the late varieties. Overall, fruit quality is expected to be good. Italy’s MY 2014/15 tangerine production is forecast to decrease by approximately 10 percent compared to the previous campaign. Italy’s MY 2014/15 (November/October) lemon production is forecast to significantly increase by 14 percent. Quality is expected to be excellent.

Oranges

PRODUCTION 

Italy’s MY 2014/15 (November/October) orange production is forecast to be lower than the previous campaign. Blonde varieties are forecast to register a 10 percent decrease (15-20 percent in Sicily in the early areas), while Blood oranges are forecast to drop 30 percent, especially the late varieties. Overall, fruit quality is expected to be good. Sicily and Calabria are the main orange-producing areas, accounting for 59 and 22 percent of total production, respectively. Tarocco, Moro, Sanguinello, Naveline, and Valencia are the chief orange varieties grown in Italy. 

CONSUMPTION 

Most oranges are consumed fresh. Blood varieties (Tarocco, Moro, and Sanguinello) are used mainly for fresh consumption. Late varieties (Ovale and Valencia) are destined to both fresh market and processing industry. 

TRADE 

In MY 2013/14, Italy exported 118,000 MT of oranges, mainly to Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and France. Italy’s MY 2013/14 orange imports reached approximately 164,000 MT, mainly from Spain and South Africa. 

Orange Juice 

According to latest estimates, Italy is forecast to process approximately 308,000 MT of oranges in MY 2014/15 to produce 21,560 MT of concentrate. The total volume of oranges channeled to processing depends on crop quality and quantity of oranges destined for the fresh market, both domestic and foreign. 

Tangerines

PRODUCTION 

Italy’s tangerine production consists of over 80 percent seedless clementines and nearly 20 percent mandarins. Italy’s MY 2014/15 tangerine production is forecast to decrease by approximately 10 percent compared to the previous campaign. Italy’s MY 2014/15 (November/October) clementine production is forecast to decrease by approximately 10 percent (600,000 MT compared to 668,000 MT in 2013/14), so as mandarin production (110,000 MT compared to 121,000 MT in 2013/14). Quality is expected to be better than the past year for both clementines and mandarins. Calabria, Sicily, and Apulia are the main tangerine-producing areas, accounting for 50, 23, and 14 percent of total production, respectively. Comune or Oroval and Monreal are the leading clementine varieties grown in Italy. Avana and Tardivo di Ciaculli are the main mandarin varieties. 

CONSUMPTION 

Most tangerines are consumed fresh. Italians consume large quantities of clementines and mandarins during winter holidays when the bulk of production hits the market. 

TRADE 

In MY 2013/14, Italy exported approximately 76,000 MT of tangerines, mainly to Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Austria, and Hungary. Italy’s MY 2013/14 tangerine imports reached 82,000 MT. Spain is the leading supplier to the Italian tangerine market, representing 85 percent of total imports.

Lemons

PRODUCTION 

Italy’s MY 2014/15 (November/October) lemon production is forecast to significantly increase by 14 percent. Quality is expected to be excellent. Sicily produces more than 86 percent of Italy’s lemons. Femminello Commune (F. Zagara Bianca, F.Siracusano, F. S.Teresa), Monachello, and Interdonato are the main lemon varieties grown in Italy. 

CONSUMPTION 

Italy’s lemon production is mostly destined for the fresh market. 

TRADE 

In MY 2013/14, Italy exported 44,800 MT of lemons, mainly to Germany, Greece, and Austria. Italy’s MY 2013/14 lemon imports reached 86,000 MT, mostly from Spain and Argentina, accounting for 51 and 26 percent of total imports, respectively. 

Grapefruits

PRODUCTION 

Italy’s MY 2014/15 (November/October) grapefruit production is forecast to decrease by 6.7 percent. 

TRADE 

In MY 2013/14, Italy exported 2,677 MT of grapefruits, mainly to Slovenia, France, the Netherlands, and Croatia. Italy’s MY 2013/14 grapefruit imports reached 30,284 MT, mainly from South Africa, Turkey, Israel, and Cyprus.

Abbreviations and definitions used in this report 

MY Marketing year 

Oranges, Tangerines, Lemons, Grapefruit, Orange Juice: November/October

HS Codes 

Oranges: 080510 

Tangerines: 080520 

Lemons: 080550 

Grapefruit: 080540 

Orange juice: 200911; 200912; 200919 

MT Metric ton = 1000 kg 

Ha hectare; 1 ha = 2.471 acres 

EU European Union