Production

In 2015, Australian production of barley is forecast to decline by over 20 per cent to 7.4 million tons due to a decline in average yields and the area planted. Barley area planted is forecast to fall by four per cent to 3.8 million hectares, as some growers shift to wheat and canola crops. The average yield is expected to fall due to low rainfall in the growing season. Barley is generally harvested from October to late November.

Consumption

Malting barley for the brewing and food industry accounts for around 1 million tons of domestic barley consumption per year, while consumption of barley for feed is around two million tons each year. Australian barley is used in the malting, brewing, distilling, Shochu and feed industries. Malt barley is for human consumption, while feed barley is for animal feed. Malt barley is used in beer production and malt extract is used in the food industry.

Trade

Australia was the world's second largest barley exporter in 2014, but exports are forecast to fall by 30 per cent in 2015 to 4.5 million tons. Australia normally supplies around 30 per cent of global trade in malt barley and 20 per cent of trade in feed barley. Australia's three largest barley importers are China, Saudi Arabia and Japan, which will account for 90 per cent of its exports in 2015.

Barley

2012/2013

2013/2014

2014/2015

Market Begin Year

Nov 2012

Nov 2013

Nov 2014

Australia

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

Area Harvested

3,644

3,644

3,920

3,920

3,800

3,800

Beginning Stocks

549

549

539

539

562

561

Production

7,472

7,472

9,539

9,539

7,600

7,445

MY Imports

0

0

0

0

0

0

TY Imports

0

0

0

0

0

0

TY Imp. from U.S.

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total Supply

8,021

8,021

10,078

10,078

8,162

8,006

MY Exports

4,482

4,482

6,216

6,217

4,500

4,500

TY Exports

4,621

4,621

6,262

6,261

4,500

4,500

Feed and Residual

1,800

1,800

2,000

2,000

2,000

1,900

FSI Consumption

1,200

1,200

1,300

1,300

1,300

1,300

Total Consumption

3,000

3,000

3,300

3,300

3,300

3,200

Ending Stocks

539

539

562

561

362

306

Total Distribution

8,021

8,021

10,078

10,078

8,162

8,006

1000 HA, 1000 MT, MT/HA