Production

South Africa is totally dependent on rice imports to meet the local demand as no rice production take place in the country, due to the high water requirements of the crop. As a result, rice imports are duty free and local consumption is based on the import data as supplied by the Global Trade Atlas.

Consumption

For the 2015/16 MY, post forecasts a ten percent increase in rice consumption in South Africa to 1.2 million tons, as the prices of corn products are expected to rise on a significant decrease in corn production, due to the drought conditions in the main corn producing areas of South Africa. Consumers can substitute rice and corn products on price and taste preferences.

Post estimates that South Africa will consume 1.1 million tons of rice in the 2014/15 MY, unchanged from the consumption levels in the 2013/14 MY. The South African economy grew by less than two percent in 2014, coupled by relatively constant wheat prices and relatively low corn prices, diminished a more aggressive demand growth for rice.

Consumption of rice in South Africa

Marketing years

2013/14 (actual)

2014/15 (estimate)

2015/16 (forecast)

Consumption

(1,000 tons)

1,050

1,050

1,150

Imports

In the 2015/16 MY, South Africa's rice imports are expected to increase by 10 percent to 1.3 million tons on increased demand. In the 2014/15 MY, post estimates that rice imports could reach 1.2 million tons. So far in the 2014/15 MY (May 1, 2014 to January 31, 2015), South Africa imported 721,683 tons of rice.

In the 2013/14 MY, South Africa imported 1.1 million tons of rice. Thailand regained its position as South Africa's largest trading partner in rice from India. India and Thailand, together, supply more than 70 percent of South Africa's rice demand.

South Africa imports of rice (metric tons)

Countries

2013/14 MY

(May/April)

2014/15* MY

(May/January)

Imports form:

United States

1,907

474

Others:

Thailand

441,234

415,958

India

409,325

245,995

China

221,602

1,868

Vietnam

31,170

31,599

Total for Others

1,105,238

695,420

Others not Listed

38,362

26,263

Grand Total

1,143,600

721,683

*05/01/2014 – 01/31/2015

Exports

South Africa imports a small amount of rice to export to neighboring countries. In the 2013/14 MY, South Africa exported 80,000 tons of rice to neighboring countries. Post estimates rice exports could reach 120,000 tons in the 2014/15 MY and 2015/16 MY, due to increased demand for rice from neighboring countries.

PS&D Table for Rice

Rice, Milled

2013/2014

2014/2015

2015/2016

Market Begin Year

May 2013

May 2014

May 2015

South Africa

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

Area Harvested

0

0

0

0

0

0

Beginning Stocks

16

16

21

30

0

10

Milled Production

0

0

0

0

0

0

Rough Production

0

0

0

0

0

0

Milling Rate (.9999)

0

0

0

0

0

0

MY Imports

975

1,144

1,100

1,150

0

1,270

TY Imports

900

1,000

1,100

1,100

0

1,200

TY Imp. from U.S.

2

2

0

0

0

2

Total Supply

991

1,160

1,121

1,180

0

1,280

MY Exports

65

80

45

120

0

120

TY Exports

45

80

45

0

0

0

Consumption and Residual

905

1,050

1,055

1,050

0

1,150

Ending Stocks

21

30

21

10

0

10

Total Distribution

991

1,160

1,121

1,180

0

1,280

1000 HA, 1000 MT, MT/HA