Production:

Millet production for MY13/14 is lowered to approximately 700,000 metric tons, down about 150,000 metric tons from the official USDA estimate. This revision was based on post's tabulation of production statistics reported at the regional level. Production in MY14/15 is down slightly at 736,000 metric tons, but is up from the previous year's figure due to favorable weather. MY15/16 production is expected to hold relatively steady around 750,000 metric tons.

Millet production accounts for five percent of the total area devoted to cereal production. Farmers prefer to grow other grains since the price of millet is so low compared to other grains and the fact that it is a more labor intensive crop. Further, the yields for millet are quite low since farmers tend to use relatively fewer inputs and plant the crop in marginal areas which is less fertile.

Consumption:

Based on the lower production figures for MY13/14, millet consumption for the same period is downwardly revised by 150,000 metric tons to 700,000 metric tons. Consumption for MY14/15 and MY15/16 is expected to hold reasonably steady at 732,000 metric tons and 746,000 metric tons, respectively.

In low-income households, families substitute less expensive millet for the pricier teff when making local bread, known as injera. Millet is also used to make local beer (tela). A small amount is also used for animal feed.

Trade:

There is no formal export and import of millet in Ethiopia. There is, however, a negligible amount of informal trade that periodically occurs along the borders.

Stocks:

Stocks are negligible.

Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics

Millet

2013/2014

2014/2015

2015/2016

Market Begin Year

Oct 2013

Oct 2014

Oct 2015

Ethiopia

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

Area Harvested

455

435

440

438

0

440

Beginning Stocks

29

29

29

24

0

28

Production

850

695

750

736

0

748

MY Imports

0

0

0

0

0

0

TY Imports

0

0

0

0

0

0

TY Imp. from U.S.

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total Supply

879

724

779

760

0

776

MY Exports

0

0

0

0

0

0

TY Exports

0

0

0

0

0

0

Feed and Residual

25

30

25

32

0

32

FSI Consumption

825

670

725

700

0

714

Total Consumption

850

700

750

732

0

746

Ending Stocks

29

24

29

28

0

30

Total Distribution

879

724

779

760

0

776

1000 HA, 1000 MT, MT/HA