Production:

Barley is a secondary grain crop in Serbia. Barley area has been steadily declining, ranging from 80,000-130,000 HA over the last eight years. Total production varies from 250,000-450,000 MT annually.

In MY2014/15, barley was planted on 91,778 HA, of which 70,000 HA was winter barley and 21,778 HA was spring barley. MY2014/15 barley production reached a record high volume of 367,112 MT, with an average yield of 4 MT/HA. Barley, like wheat, enjoyed good quality levels.

In MY2015/16, barley area is projected to be between 92,000-98,000 HA, of which 73,000 HA was planted last fall as winter barley and an additional 19,000-25,000 HA will be planted as spring barley. It is projected that average yields will be approximately 4.1 MT/HA and that total barley production could reach 389,500 MT.

Area planted to barley from MY06/07 to MY15/16

Year

Barley

Yields

Harvested area HA

Total MT

Per HA/MT

2005/06

104,917

310,850

2.96

2006/07

93,520

275,640

2.95

2007/08

93,844

258,998

2.76

2008/09

92,417

344,141

3.72

2009/10

95,377

302,527

3.17

2010/11

84,166

244,268

2.90

2011/12

85,000

306,000

3.60

2012/13

78,000

269,000

3.45

2013/14

86,000

344,000

4.00

2014/15

92,000

367,000

4.00

2015/16

95,000

389,500

4.10

Consumption:

Total barley consumption in Serbia for the past five years has ranged between 270,000-400,000 MT, of which around half is for animal feed and half for the brewery industry. Consumption of brewery barley has been increasing due to increased demand from newly operational breweries following successful privatization efforts of several old Serbian breweries. Local breweries have been sold to several well-known Belgian, Canadian, German, Austrian, and Turkish companies. Barley used for breweries is now planted on almost 40 percent of total planted area for barley in Serbia and is continuing to expand every year. Barley for feed currently accounts for 60 percent of total barley produced in Serbia and is declining due to its low profitability.

Trade:

Barley is not a significant commodity in Serbia's overall grain trade. With the privatization of Serbian breweries that started in 2003, imports of brewery barley have been steadily rising.

In MY2014/15, imports of brewery barley are estimated at 16,000 MT and valued at over USD 3 million. Most of the barley imports are for the brewing industry and came from France, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria. Total Serbian barley exports in MY2014/15 are estimated at 30,000 MT and destined mainly for the EU countries, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro.

Stocks:

Barley beginning stocks in MY2015/16 are estimated at 10,000 MT.

Policy:

The Serbian government will continue to support barley production through the same policies outlined in the wheat policy section.

Marketing:

The price of barley usually follows the price of wheat. The current market price of barley ranges from 17 din/kg (USD 153/MT) for feed barley to 22 din/kg (USD 198/MT) for brewery barley.

Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics:

Barley Serbia

2013/2014

2014/2015

2015/2016

Market Year Begin: Jul 2013

Market Year Begin: Jul 2014

Market Year Begin: Jul 2015

USDA Official

New Post

USDA Official

New Post

USDA Official

New Post

Area Harvested

86

86

85

92

95

Beginning Stocks

33

33

27

27

10

Production

344

344

350

367

390

MY Imports

25

25

25

16

20

TY Imports

25

25

25

16

20

TY Imp. from U.S.

0

0

0

0

0

Total Supply

402

402

402

410

420

MY Exports

25

25

25

30

25

TY Exports

25

25

25

30

25

Feed and Residual

200

200

200

200

200

FSI Consumption

150

150

150

170

180

Total Consumption

350

350

350

370

380

Ending Stocks

27

27

27

10

15

Total Distribution

402

402

402

410

420

1000 HA, 1000 MT, MT/HA