General Information

NOTE: USDA unofficial data excludes Crimean production and exports. However, as of June 2014, Russian official statistics (ROSSTAT) began incorporating Crimean production and trade data into their official estimates. Where possible, data reported by FAS Moscow is exclusive of information attributable to Crimea.

Executive Summary:

FAS/Moscow forecasts Russia's 2015 production of three major oilseed crops (sunflowerseeds, soybeans, rapeseed) at 13.5 million metric tons (MMT), a 4 percent increase from last year. This increase is primarily due to increased production of sunflowerseeds, which comprise approximately 70 percent of the total of these three crops. Area sown to these three major crops is forecast to increase by 5 percent to 10.5 million hectares, again mostly due to an increase in sunflowerseed area by 7 percent, to 7.3 million hectares in MY 2015/16.

FAS/Moscow forecasts a 7 percent increase in the 2015 sunflowerseed planted area to 7.3 million hectares, which is 3 percent higher than the previous five-year average of 7.1 million hectares. The following factors are expected to increase farmers' incentives to plant sunflowerseeds:

- In 2015, Russia's oilseeds crushing capacity will continue to grow and demand for sunflowerseeds will be high. In fall 2014, when industry confirmed the relatively low sunflowerseed crop, crushers increased purchase prices;

- Sunflowerseeds remain a profitable crop for farmers. The cost of imported hybrid planting seeds and chemicals (which are vital for effective production of sunflowerseeds) has increased in MY 2014/15 because of the soft ruble. However, some farmers managed to purchase planting seeds and some chemicals before these prices increased. Other farmers, who were not able to accumulate necessary inputs, may increase planted area in order to compensate for the expected decrease in yields.

Weather still remains the main determining factor for sunflowerseed yields. Given average weather conditions, yields will be at the same level as in 2014. Therefore, FAS/Moscow forecasts Russia's sunflowerseed production in 2015 at 9.5 MMT, a 6 percent increase from 2014 overall.

Area planted to soybeans will also remain the same as in 2014 – 2.0 million hectares. The soybean crop in 2014 was a record crop for Russia. In particular, the Russian Far East accounted for 59 percent of the 2014 soybean crop. Weather in the Far East will remain a key factor for the production of soybeans. Natural disasters, like the flood in 2013, can drastically cut production in this region. However, the basic production efficiencies for soybeans in this region have increased in the last three years. With the support of local authorities, seed breeders have increased investments in the development of new varieties and farmers have improved the agronomy of soybean production. The development of new soybean crushing facilities in the Russian Far East and growing exports have provided a stable and growing demand for soybeans in the region. Thus, given normal weather conditions, soybean production in the Russian Far East will not be less than in 2014.

In 2014, European Russia accounted for 40 percent of soybean production. In this region, farmers will continue planting soybeans as the crop is in very high demand from feed producers. However, in European Russia soybeans must compete with sunflowerseeds and spring grains for arable land.

Therefore, FAS/Moscow forecasts the soybean crop in Russia in 2015 at the same level as in 2014 – 2.6 MMT.

Rapeseed production is forecast also at the same level as in 2014 – 1.4 MMT. Yields for winter rapeseed are higher than spring rapeseed yields, but in 2015 the winter rapeseed production is forecast lower than the 2014 production because of an estimated larger winter-kill. However, winter rapeseed comprises only 10 to 20 percent of total rapeseed area. Increased area sown to spring rapeseed will compensate for the lower winter rapeseed crop, resulting in the same production level as in 2014.

Yield forecasts for oilseeds are very preliminary as most of Russia's oilseed crops are planted only in May. The 2015 yield forecasts are based largely on eleven-year (multi-year) trends.

Industry analysts forecast a further increase in production of oilseeds such as linseed crops for oil (Crown Flax and Camelina). Production of these crops in 2014 reached 535,000 metric tons (MT), a 19 percent increase from 2013, and in the near future may increase up to 1 MMT. Foreign demand for these niche crops is growing and there are no export duties on these crops. Moreover, these crops are more cold resistant than other oilseed crops. Area planted to linseed crops may expand further into northern and eastern Russian provinces.

In accordance with WTO commitments, in the fall of 2013 Russia began to gradually decrease export duties on oilseeds. In the fall of 2014, Russia implemented the second decrease, reducing export duties on sunflowerseed from 16.62 percent of the customs value (but not less than 24.94 Euro per 1 MT) to 13.24 percent (but not less than 19.88 Euro per 1 MT). Export duties on whole soybeans were decreased from 13.33 percent of customs value (but not less than 23.33 Euro per 1 MT) to 6.67 percent (but not less than 11.67 Euro per 1 MT). Export duties on rapeseed were lowered from 15 percent (but not less than 27.13 Euro per 1 MT) to 11 percent (but not less than 19.26 Euro per 1 MT). However, despite lower export duties and the soft ruble in the fall 2014 and winter 2015, exports will likely be constrained due to continued very strong domestic demand. FAS/Moscow forecasts exports of the three major oilseeds in MY 2015/16 at 0.6 MMT, the same as in MY 2014/15. Exports include 60,000 MT of sunflowerseeds, 350,000 MT of soybeans, and 150,000 MT of rapeseed.

Despite the soft ruble, soybean imports in MY 2015/16 are forecast to remain at 1.6 MMT due to high demand for soybean meal from the expanding poultry and livestock industries in European Russia.

Russia: Consolidated PSD for Major Oilseeds for MY 2015/16, 1,000 MT, 1,000 HA

MY 2015/16

Sunflowerseeds

Soybeans

Rapeseeds

TOTAL

Area Planted

7,300

2,000

1,200

10,500

Area Harvested

6,800

1,900

1,100

9,800

Beginning Stocks

188

232

51

471

Production

9,500

2,600

1,400

13,500

MY Imports

20

1,600

1

1,621

MY Imp. from U.S.

0

400

0

400

MY Imp. from EU

0

0

0

0

Total Supply

9,708

4,432

1,452

15,592

MY Exports

60

350

150

560

MY Exp. to EU

0

0

50

50

Crush

9,000

3,900

1,250

14,150

Food Use Dom. Cons.

230

0

0

230

Feed Waste Dom. Cons.

300

40

20

360

Total Dom. Cons.

9,530

3,940

1,270

14,740

Ending Stocks

118

142

32

292

Total Distribution

9,708

4,432

1,452

15,592

Note: The above table is composed of PSD forecast for each crop, despite differing marketing years. The marketing year for sunflowerseeds and soybeans is September – August. The marketing year for rapeseed is July – June.

Production:

FAS/Moscow forecasts that in MY 2015/16, area sown to Russia's three major oilseeds (sunflowerseeds, soybeans and rapeseeds) will increase from the previous year by 0.5 million hectares to 10.5 million hectares. Sunflowerseed area will increase by 7 percent to 7.3 million hectares, while area sown to soybeans will remain at 2.0 million hectares, nearly the same as last year. The area sown to rapeseed will increase by only 0.2 million hectares, to 1.2 million hectares.

The area sown to all oilseeds in Russia has grown steadily over the last fifteen years: from 4.4 million hectares in 2001 to 11.1 million hectares in 2014. The area sown to sunflowerseeds also increased - from 3.8 million hectares in 2011 to 6.8 million hectares in 2014. However, the share of sunflowerseeds in the total oilseeds area decreased, while the share of soybeans, rapeseed and other oilseed crops increased. Nevertheless, sunflowerseeds still dominate total oilseed production, and since yields of sunflowerseed are still heavily dependent on weather, fluctuations in production are also significant.

FAS/Moscow forecasts production of the three major oilseeds (sunflowerseeds, soybeans and rapeseeds at 13.5 MMT, a 0.5 MMT increase from last year due to an increase in production of sunflowerseeds. If production of other oilseed crops, such as mustard, flax for oil and safflower remain at the 2014 level, the total oilseeds production in Russia will be almost 14.2 MMT.

Yield forecasts for oilseeds are very preliminary as most of Russia's oilseed crops are planted only in May. The forecast of the 2015 yields for Russia's three major oilseeds are based largely on multi-year trends.

Russia: Major Oilseeds, 2008-2014

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Planted Area, 1,000 hectares

Sunflowerseeds

6,199

6,196

7,153

7,614

6,529

7,271

6,823

Soybeans

747

875

1,206

1,229

1,481

1,532

2,002

Rapeseeds

680

688

856

893

1,190

1,325

1,173

- winter

145

178

218

175

105

239

261

- spring

535

638

638

718

1,085

1,087

913

Mustard

58

101

110

134

118

154

182

Oil flax (Crown flax)

85

146

267

500

618

478

488

False flax (Camelina)

118

182

268

Safflower

16

89

123

Other

0

0

24

77

17

31

17

Total

7,769

8,005

9,615

10,447

10,087

11,060

11,076

Production, 1,000 MT

Sunflowerseeds

7,350

6,454

5,345

9,697

7,993

10,554

8,929

Soybeans

746

944

1,222

1,756

1,806

1,636

2,594

Rapeseeds

752

667

670

1,056

1,035

1,393

1,450

- winter

246

308

395

304

166

407

460

- spring

506

359

275

752

869

987

990

Mustard

29

24

36

88

42

55

103

Oil flax (Crown flax)

86

94

173

464

361

320

379

False flax (Camelina)

56

128

156

Safflower

8

45

87

Other

0

0

10

53

11

21

8

Total

8,963

8,183

7,457

13,115

11,312

14,151

13,707

Yields per harvested area, 1,000 hectares

Sunflowerseeds

1.23

1.15

0.96

1.34

1.3

1.55

1.4

Soybeans

1.05

1.19

1.18

1.48

1.31

1.36

1.36

Rapeseeds

1.2

1.2

1.1

1.26

1.06

1.25

1.38

- winter

1.76

1.82

1.9

1.77

1.68

1.73

1.76

- spring

1.04

0.93

0.68

1.13

0.99

1.13

1.25

Mustard

0.57

0.47

0.48

0.8

0.54

0.5

0.66

Oil flax (Crown flax)

0.86

1.04

0.69

0.78

0.93

False flax (Camelina)

0.61

0.78

0.66

Safflower

0.62

0.64

0.76

Sunflowerseeds

FAS/Moscow forecasts Russia's sunflowerseed production in 2015 at 9.5 MMT, a 6 percent increase from 2014. Production will increase due to a forecast increase in sown area. Weather still remains the main determining factor for sunflowerseed yields, but given average weather, yields (per harvested area) in 2015 are expected to be at the same level, or slightly higher than, yields in 2014, or 1.3 MT/HA.

In 2014, the area sown to sunflowerseeds was lower than the previous five-year average, because it competed in European Russia with other spring crops, such as corn and soybeans that enjoy higher demand. Additionally, sunflowerseed prices in spring 2014 were low and did not motivate farmers to expand sunflower area. However, in 2015, the situation will likely change. The following factors are expected to increase farmers' incentives to plant sunflowerseeds:

- In 2015, Russia's oilseeds crushing capacity will continue to grow and demand for sunflowerseeds will be high. In fall 2014, when industry confirmed the relatively low supply of sunflowerseed, crushers increased purchase prices;

- Sunflowerseeds remain a profitable crop for farmers. The cost of imported hybrid planting seeds and chemicals (which are vital for effective production of sunflowerseeds) has increased in MY 2014/15 because of the soft ruble. However, some farmers managed to purchase planting seeds and some chemicals before these price increases. Other farmers, who were not able to accumulate necessary inputs, may increase planted area in order to compensate for the expected decrease in yields.

In 2014, production of sunflowerseeds decreased in all federal districts of the Russian Federation mostly due to decreased area and a decrease in yields from the 2013 yield levels. Although, the range of Russia's major sunflowerseed producing provinces largely did not change from those in 2013.

Highest Sunflower Seed Production by Provinces (2014)

1. Krasnodar kray - 12.4%

2. Saratov oblast - 12.0%

3. Voronezh oblast - 10.5%

4. Rostov oblast - 8.5%

5. Volgograd oblast – 8.2%

6. Tambov oblast – 7.0%

7. Samara oblast - 6.5%

8. Orenburg oblast – 5.8%

9. Stavropol kray – 4.4%

10. Belgorod oblast – 3.5%

11. Lipetsk oblast – 3.0%

12. Kursk oblast - 2.9%

13. Penza oblast - 2.5%

14. Altay kray – 2.5%

15. Bashkortostan Republic - 2.4%

16. Ulyanovsk oblast - 2.1%

Soybeans

FAS/Moscow forecasts that area planted to soybeans will remain at the same level as in 2014 – 2.0 million hectares. The soybean crop in 2014 was a record crop for Russia. The Russian Far East accounted for 59 percent of the 2014 soybean crop. FAS/Moscow forecasts that the 2015 soybean crop in Russia will be at the same level as the 2014 crop – 2.6 MMT.

Weather in the Far East will remain a very important factor for the production of soybeans. Natural disasters, like the flood in 2013, can drastically cut production in this region. However, the basic production efficiencies for soybeans in this region have increased in the last three years. With the support of local authorities, seed breeders have increased investments in the development of new varieties and farmers have improved the agronomy of soybean production. The development of new soybean crushing facilities in the Russian Far East and growing exports have provided a stable and growing demand for soybeans in the region. Thus, given normal weather conditions, soybean production in the Russian Far East will not be less than in 2014. Additionally, Russia does not allow planting of GE crops, and the Far Eastern authorities support the selection of only non-GE soybeans.

In 2014, European Russia accounted for 40 percent of soybean production. In this region, farmers will continue planting soybeans as the crop is in very high demand from feed producers. However, in European Russia soybeans must compete with sunflowerseeds and spring grains for arable land, and the production of soybeans is forecast at the same level as in 2014.

In 2014, soybean production in the Central Volga Valley and the Far Eastern federal districts increased over the 2013 production. This was particularly true in the Far Easter district, which produced a record crop after the flood-affected year 2013. Meanwhile, production of soybeans in the south part of European Russia, which had been the second major soybean producing area four to five years ago, decreased.

Soybean prices in MY 2014/15 were growing rapidly everywhere, but industry analysts marked the fastest growth of soybean prices in the Russian Far East. Thus, in the fall of 2014, in Primorskiy kray when farmers finished harvesting, soybeans crushers were buying soybeans from farmers from between14,000 rubles to 16,000 rubles per 1 MT. But by the beginning of February 2015, the price reached 27,000 rubles per 1 MT. The price changed almost every week. Some managers of large farms expect that by late April, soybean prices may reach 33,000 rubles per 1 MT in Primorskiy kray. The main factor affecting the price, according to market participants, was the soft ruble. In these circumstances, soy became a profitable investment.

Highest Soybean Production by Province (2014)

1. Amur oblast - 40.0%

2. Primorsky kray – 11.8%

3. Krasnodar kray – 10.8%

4. Belgorod oblast – 9.3%

5. Kursk oblast – 5.8%

6. Jewish A.O. – 4.8%

7. Voronezh oblast - 2.3%

8. Orel oblast – 2.0%

Rapeseed

FAS/Moscow forecasts Russia's rapeseed production at the same level as in 2014 – 1.4 MMT. The expected decrease in the winter rapeseed crop may be compensated by an increase in spring rapeseed area and production. Yields of winter rapeseed are higher than spring rapeseed yields, but the share of winter rapeseed comprises only 10-20 percent of all rapeseed area and an increased area sown to spring rapeseed will compensate for a lower winter rapeseed crop.

Linseed crops (Crown flax and Camelina) and Safflower for oil

Production of linseed crops (Crown flax and Camelina) and safflower for oil have increased in the last three years, driven by high foreign market demand and the absence of export duties. Although some varieties of these crops can be sown more to the north than sunflowerseed and soybeans, the bulk of production of these crops is found in the Southern and North Caucasus federal districts, the major export-oriented districts of European Russia. However, despite strong export demand, demand of domestic crushers for linseed oil crops was also very strong, and FAS/Moscow assumes that the share of exports in domestic production in 2014/15 will be slightly over 60 percent compared to 75-80 percent in MY 2008/09 through 2012/13.

Industry analysts forecast a further increase in production of oilseeds such as linseed crops for oil (Crown Flax and Camelina). Production of these crops in 2014 reached 535,000 metric tons (MT), a 19 percent increase from 2013, and in the near future may increase up to 1 MMT. Foreign demand for these niche crops is growing and there are no export duties on these crops. Moreover, these crops are more cold resistant than other oilseeds. Area planted to these crops may expand further into northern and eastern Russian provinces.

Consumption:

FAS/Moscow forecasts the total crush of Russia's three major oilseeds at 14.15 MMT in MY 2015/16, which is a 4.4 percent increase from the estimated 13.55 MMT in MY 2014/15. This includes 9.0 MMT of sunflowerseed (0.5 MMT more than last year), 3.9 MMT of soybeans (up 0.1 MMT) and 1.25 MMT of rapeseed (same as last year). Rapidly increasing crushing capacity will be the major driver for increased consumption of oilseeds.

Industry analysts estimate Russia's oilseeds crushing capacity by the end of MY 2014/15 will be between 17 MMT to 18 MMT, and forecast a further increase in 2015/16 to up to 20 MMT due to the expected launch of new plants and additional, new capacity at already existing plants. In April 2014, new crushing capacity (2,000 MT per day) was launched in Belgorod. In MY 2014/15, industry analysts expect that the following capacity will also be added: in Orenburg oblast (1,200 MT per day), in Volgograd oblast (2,000 MT per day), in Saratov oblast (1,800 MT per day), in Tatarstan republic (Kazan) (up to 2,000 MT per day), and in Krasnodar kray (Taman) (800 MT per day).

Processing of oilseeds is increasingly concentrated at modern, new crushing plants owned by large agro-holding companies while crushing at small plants is decreasing. The new plants are usually adapted to crushing multiple types of oilseeds, including soybeans. Beginning in MY 2014/15, the capacity of crushing facilities for sunflowerseeds was estimated at 12.9 MMT, including 3.3 MMT in Central European Russia, 5.6 MMT in the South of European Russia, 2.8 MMT in the Volga Valley, 0.6 MMT in Ural, and 0.6 MMT in Siberia. The crushing facilities for soybeans in the beginning of MY 2014/15, were estimated at approximately 3.5 MMT, the bulk of which are in Kaliningrad. These facilities work primarily with imported beans. In MY 2014/15, soybean crushing facilities have increased in Belgorod, Krasnodar kray, Amur oblast and Primorskiy kray.

The forecasted volume of crush is expected to allow Russia to produce in MY 2015/16, approximately 7.1 MMT of oilseed meal and 4.9 MMT of vegetable oil. The domestic demand for meal is high, and most meal will be consumed domestically. Meanwhile, industry analysts estimate that the domestic vegetable oil market is saturated and prior to the ruble depreciation in MY 2014/15, it was difficult to keep crude oil prices high. However, the soft ruble versus the U.S. dollar stimulated exports of vegetable oils, especially sunflowerseed oils, and supported the profitability and attractiveness of crushing businesses for large agro-holding companies, and crushing capacity continues to expand in Russia.

Trade:

Russian trade in oilseeds in MY 2015/16, will be influenced by several opposing factors, such as the soft ruble; decreasing export duties on sunflowerseeds, soybeans and rapeseed, which will stimulate exports; and growing domestic demand. Given that the increase in crushing capacity was due to investments by large agro-holding companies, domestic demand may prevail over other factors that stimulate exports of raw oilseeds. FAS/Moscow forecasts exports of the three major oilseeds in MY 2015/16 at 0.6 MMT, the same as in MY 2014/15. This includes 60,000 MT of sunflowerseeds, 350,000 MT of soybeans, and 150,000 MT of rapeseed.

Sunflowerseeds

In MY 2014/15, a relatively low sunflowerseed crop and very high demand of domestic crushers prevailed over the export-stimulating factors, such as decreased export duties on sunflowerseeds (per WTO commitments) and the soft ruble. Exports of sunflowerseeds dropped from last year. FAS/Moscow estimates sunflowerseed exports in MY 2014/15 at 60,000 MT, a 60 percent decrease from last year. From September 2014 through February 2015, Russia exported 31,900 MT of sunflowerseeds. The major customers were Turkey (19,900 MT) and Azerbaijan (9,600 MT).

Soybeans

Exports of soybeans increased almost ten times in MY 2014/15, compared with last year. This increase was principally due to a larger crop in the Far East, decreased export duties and the soft ruble. FAS/Moscow estimates soybean exports at 0.2 MMT. From September 2014 through February 2015, Russia exported 163,100 MT of soybeans, of which 99.5 percent (162,300 MT) were exported to China. In MY 2013/14, Russia exported to China 14,900 MT of soybeans, or 66 percent of total exports (22,600 MT).

Meanwhile, domestic demand for soybeans is growing. This growth is stimulated by the development of domestic poultry and swine production and by the increase in soybean crushing capacity. The large crop in the Far East and Central European Russia and the soft ruble hampered imports, but Russia continues to import large volumes of soybeans. Although, the imports in MY 2014/15 were lower than last year. FAS Moscow estimates Russia's imports of soybeans in MY 2014/15 at 1.2 MMT compared to 1.64 MMT in MY 2013/14. From September 2014 through February 2015, Russia imported 766,200 MT of soybeans. The major suppliers of soybeans to Russia in this period were the U.S. (265,600 MT), Uruguay (150,700 MT), Brazil (123,100 MT), Argentina (90,600 MT), and Paraguay (83,400 MT).

Rapeseed

FAS/Moscow estimates exports of rapeseed in MY 2014/15 at 150,000 MT. From July 2014 through February 2015, Russia exported 134,400 MT of rapeseed. During the same period Russia exported 255,400 MT of rapeseed oil. Both exports were stimulated by the soft ruble, and exports of seeds, in addition, by gradually decreased export duties. The scheduled decrease in the rapeseed export duty was on September 1, 2014. However, domestic crushing capacity continues to grow, and exports of rapeseed oil are forecast to grow faster than exports of seeds.

Linseed Crops for Oil (Crown Flax and Camelina)

Exports of linseed crops for oil will increase in MY 2014/15 compared to last year due to a better crop, the soft ruble and an absence of export duties on linseeds. From July 2014 through February 2015, Russia exported 293,000 MT of linseeds 9 percent more than in the same period last year. Most of Russia's linseeds exports were shipped to Belgium (146,700 MT), Turkey (53,500 MT), and to Latvia (28,900 MT).

Peanuts

FAS/Moscow forecasts imports of peanuts in MY 2015/16 at 120,000 MT, a 9 percent increase from the estimated 110,000 MT imports in MY 2014/15 and a 20 percent increase from the 100,000 MT imported in MY 2013/14. The major suppliers of peanuts to Russia in MY 2013/14 were Argentina (37,715 MT), the United States (19,510 MT), India (15,608 MT) and Brazil (10,042 MT).

Policy:

Russia's WTO commitments (eliminating or decreasing export duties on oilseeds) have been gradually implemented after the first year of Russia's WTO membership (August 2012). The table below shows the final export duties at the end of the transitional period and export duties as of March 2015, the second year of implementation of WTO commitments.

Rapeseed, soybeans, and linseed for planting are imported duty-free; import duties on mustard seed, safflower, linseed (not for planting) and sunflowerseeds (not for planting) are 5 percent of value; the import duty on sunflowerseeds for planting is 2.5 percent of value.

Russia's WTO commitments:

HS Number

Name of Product

Export duty before WTO accession

Target export duty

Transitional Period

Export duty as of March 2014

Export duty as of March 2015

1201

Soybean

20 percent, but not less than 35 Euro per 1 MT

0

3 years

13.33 percent, but not less than 23.33 Euro per 1 MT

6.67 percent, but not less than 11.67 Euro per 1 MT

1205

Rapeseed

20 percent, but not less than 35 Euro per 1 MT

6.5 percent, but not less than 11.4 Euro per 1 MT

3 years

15 percent, but not less than 27.13 Euro per 1 MT

11 percent, but not less than 19.26 Euro per 1 MT

1206

Sunflowerseed

20 percent, but not less than 30 Euro per 1 MT

6.5 percent, but not less than 9.75 Euro per 1 MT

4 years

16.62 percent, but not less than 24.94 Euro per 1 MT

13.24 percent, but not less than 19.88 Euro per 1 MT

1207 50

Mustard seed

10 percent, but not less than 25 Euro per 1 MT

0

1 year

None

None

A 10 percent VAT is applied to imported oilseeds. Also, all oilseed imports are subject to phytosanitary control at the Customs Boarder of the Customs Union as quarantine products of "high" phytosanitary risk.

Beginning July 1, 2013, Russia began regulating the safety and quality of oilseeds as stipulated in the Customs Union Technical Regulation (TR) on Safety of Grain adopted by the Customs Union Commission Decision No. 874 of on December 9, 2011.

Marketing:

The prices of all oilseeds increased in MY 2014/15 due to high demand, the relatively low sunflowerseed crop, and Russia's overall poor economic conditions.

Oilseed, Sunflowerseed

2013/2014

2014/2015

2015/2016

Market Begin Year

Sep 2013

Sep 2014

Sep 2016

Russia

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

Area Planted

0

7,271

0

6,823

0

7,300

Area Harvested

6,795

6,795

6,252

6,378

0

6,800

Beginning Stocks

0

0

369

369

0

188

Production

10,554

10,554

8,764

8,929

0

9,500

MY Imports

35

35

30

30

0

20

MY Imp. from U.S.

0

0

0

0

0

0

MY Imp. from EU

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total Supply

10,589

10,589

9,163

9,328

0

9,708

MY Exports

125

125

50

60

0

60

MY Exp. to EU

0

10

0

0

0

0

Crush

9,330

9,330

8,500

8,500

0

9,000

Food Use Dom. Cons.

230

230

220

230

0

230

Feed Waste Dom. Cons.

535

535

300

350

0

300

Total Dom. Cons.

10,095

10,095

9,020

9,080

0

9,530

Ending Stocks

369

369

93

188

0

118

Total Distribution

10,589

10,589

9,163

9,328

0

9,708

1000 HA, 1000 MT

Oilseed, Soybean

2013/2014

2014/2015

2015/2016

Market Begin Year

Sep 2013

Sep 2014

Sep 2015

Russia

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

Area Planted

1,500

1,532

1,880

2,002

0

2,000

Area Harvested

1,202

1,202

1,880

1,907

0

1,900

Beginning Stocks

45

45

228

228

0

232

Production

1,636

1,636

2,536

2,594

0

2,600

MY Imports

1,931

1,931

1,500

1,500

0

1,600

MY Imp. from U.S.

508

508

350

350

0

400

MY Imp. from EU

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total Supply

3,612

3,612

4,264

4,322

0

4,432

MY Exports

24

24

100

250

0

350

MY Exp. to EU

8

8

10

0

0

0

Crush

3,300

3,300

3,800

3,800

0

3,900

Food Use Dom. Cons.

0

0

0

0

0

0

Feed Waste Dom. Cons.

60

60

90

40

0

40

Total Dom. Cons.

3,360

3,360

3,890

3,840

0

3,940

Ending Stocks

228

228

274

232

0

142

Total Distribution

3,612

3,612

4,264

4,322

0

4,432

1000 HA, 1000 MT

Oilseed, Rapeseed

2013/2014

2014/2015

2015/2016

Market Begin Year

Jul 2013

Jul 2014

Jul 2015

Russia

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

Area Planted

1,114

1,114

1,200

1,173

0

1,200

Area Harvested

1,114

1,114

1,046

1,100

0

1,100

Beginning Stocks

62

62

40

40

0

51

Production

1,393

1,393

1,454

1,450

0

1,400

MY Imports

1

1

1

1

0

1

MY Imp. from U.S.

0

0

0

0

0

0

MY Imp. from EU

1

1

0

0

0

0

Total Supply

1,456

1,456

1,495

1,491

0

1,452

MY Exports

173

173

175

170

0

150

MY Exp. to EU

40

40

45

45

0

50

Crush

1,220

1,220

1,250

1,250

0

1,250

Food Use Dom. Cons.

0

0

0

0

0

0

Feed Waste Dom. Cons.

23

23

19

20

0

20

Total Dom. Cons.

1,243

1,243

1,269

1,270

0

1,270

Ending Stocks

40

40

51

51

0

32

Total Distribution

1,456

1,456

1,495

1,491

0

1,452

1000 HA, 1000 MT

Oilseed, Peanut

2013/2014

2014/2015

2015/2016

Market Begin Year

Oct 2013

Oct 2014

Oct 2015

Russia

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

Area Planted

0

0

0

0

0

0

Area Harvested

0

0

0

0

0

0

Beginning Stocks

4

4

4

4

0

4

Production

0

0

0

0

0

0

MY Imports

130

100

122

110

0

120

MY Imp. from U.S.

5

20

5

20

0

20

MY Imp. from EU

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total Supply

134

104

126

114

0

124

MY Exports

0

0

0

0

0

0

MY Exp. to EU

0

0

0

0

0

0

Crush

0

0

0

0

0

0

Food Use Dom. Cons.

130

100

122

110

0

120

Feed Waste Dom. Cons.

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total Dom. Cons.

130

100

122

110

0

120

Ending Stocks

4

4

4

4

0

4

Total Distribution

134

104

126

114

0

124

1000 HA, 1000 MT