Production:

Sorghum is an important crop for certain dry areas in the southern part of the country, especially in Guárico and Cojedes States. During the last two years, sorghum production, like other grains, has been affected by the critical lack of agricultural inputs and government controlled prices. In addition, in MY 2015, the crop was also affected by fluctuating weather conditions that resulted in lower than normal rainfall in Guárico state and excessive rains in other growing regions at key stages of growth. The result was a loss in harvested area and a reduction in yields.

According to FEDAGRO, sorghum production in MY 2015 fell 19 percent compared to 2013, falling from 110,000 tons to 90,000 tons. This is the lowest level of production in the past five years. Area harvested also fell to 90,000 hectares. Sorghum production is forecast unchanged in MY 2016, but could decline further if government policies do not provide greater incentives to at least maintain production levels.

Consumption:

Grain sorghum is used for poultry feed in Venezuela. Given severe shortages of basic grains throughout the year, any sorghum produced is routinely purchased. In MY 2016, consumption is forecast unchanged at 90,000 tons to match expected production, but will fluctuate according to actual production levels.

Trade:

Venezuela only imports sorghum seeds for planting mainly from the United States and Guatemala. The Venezuelan government has consistently opposed sorghum imports to protect local production and to use foreign exchange for preferred corn imports.

Sorghum

2013/2014

2014/2015

2015/2016

Market Begin Year

Jul 2013

Jul 2014

May 2016

Venezuela

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

Area Harvested

100

100

100

90

0

90

Beginning Stocks

10

10

15

10

0

10

Production

110

110

110

90

0

90

MY Imports

0

0

0

0

0

0

TY Imports

0

0

0

0

0

0

TY Imp. from U.S.

1

0

0

0

0

0

Total Supply

120

120

125

100

0

100

MY Exports

0

0

0

0

0

0

TY Exports

0

0

0

0

0

0

Feed and Residual

100

105

100

85

0

85

FSI Consumption

5

5

5

5

0

5

Total Consumption

105

110

105

90

0

90

Ending Stocks

15

10

20

10

0

10

Total Distribution

120

120

125

100

0

100

1000 HA, 1000 MT, MT/HA