Mixed Grains and Triticale Production, Trade, Consumption

Poland

2012/13

2013/14

2014/15**

2015/16**

Marketing Year Begin

July, 2012

July, 2013

July, 2014

July, 2015

Area

2,270

2,189

2,186

2,100

(000) HA

Production

7,270

7,295

8,100

7,300

(000) MT

MY Imports

4

6

3

3

(000) MT

MY Imp. From U.S.

0

0

0

0

(000) MT

MY Exports

144

264

180

100

(000) MT

Feed

6,500

6,500

6,800

6,900

(000) MT

FSI Consumption

680

780

790

790

(000) MT

Total Consumption

7,180

7,280

7,590

7,690

(000) MT

Source: FAS/Warsaw, Global Trade Atlas, Main Statistical Office, Poland

*Mixed grain & triticale complex include triticale and the threshed seeds of different varieties of grains like wheat, barley, oats, rye planted on the same field as a one crop.

**FAS/Warsaw estimation and forecast

MY 2015/16

The declining tendency in mixed grains production, with replacement by triticale, is expected to continue. A small recovery in hog production will increase farmers' interest in growing triticale. Mixed grains and triticale use for bio-ethanol production is relatively small, amounting to about 2.5 percent of domestic use. The demand for both varieties of grains from the industry is very unstable. For 2015/16 year it is forecasted to increase in comparison with the last year.

MY 2014/15

The declining tendency to grow mixed grains is going on in Poland. Triticale production is moving in the opposite direction than mixed grains production. The acreage of mixed grains diminished by 20 percent while acreage of triticale increased by 20 percent. High yields in 2014 boosted mixed grain and triticale production to 8.1 MMT. The main direction of mixed grains use is on–farm feed use which is more and more unprofitable and it is being replaced by the more profitable triticale. An ample supply of triticale also resulted in increased exports, mostly to Germany but also to Scandinavian and the Baltic countries.