Barley Production, Trade, Consumption

Poland

2012/13

2013/14

2014/15*

2015/16*

Marketing Year Begin

July, 2012

July, 2013

July, 2014

July, 2015

Area

1,160

820

808

820

(000) HA

Production

4,181

2,934

3,200

2,950

(000) MT

MY Imports

116

268

200

350

(000) MT

MY Imp. From U.S.

0

0

0

0

(000) MT

MY Exports

412

194

180

50

(000) MT

Feed

2,400

2,100

2,100

2,130

(000) MT

FSI Consumption

1248

1185

1,165

1,138

(000) MT

Total Consumption

3,648

3,285

3,265

3,268

(000) MT

Source: FAS/Warsaw, Global Trade Atlas, Main Statistical Office, Poland

*FAS/Warsaw estimation and forecast

MY 2015/16

According to the reports on the acreage of sowings for the year 2015 harvest the total barley plantings area will increase marginally to 820,000 ha and the predicted crop would amount to 3 MMT. The crop forecast will be smaller by 8 percent as the result of lower yields, close to last years' average results, much lower than last year's record yields. Winter barley is reported to be in worse health condition than other winter varieties of grains after the winter. Although as the larger proportion of barley in Poland is being sown in spring, the condition of winter plants should not affect the main barley crop. It is forecasted that domestic use of barley for feed will stay on line with last year's use. Demand from the industry for beer production use should stay below last year's level.

MY 2014/15

In 2014/15 plantings of barley fell due to economic reasons. Low prices for barley made some farmers give up this grain replacing it with other types of grain, especially for rapeseed if agro-technical reasons allowed for that. For 2014 barley production is estimated to be 9 percent higher than last year, despite much lower acreage of barley plantings. Due to high yields, barley production amounted to 3.2 MM. Domestic demand for beer remains stable for 2014/15 MY. Foreign demand for malt declined.