Corn Production, Trade, Consumption

Poland

2012/13

2013/14

2014/15*

2015/16*

Marketing Year Begin

September, 2012

September, 2013

September, 2014

September, 2015

Area

544

614

678

660

(000) HA

Production

3,996

4,040

4,500

4,400

(000) MT

MY Imports

189

402

250

270

(000) MT

MY Imp. From U.S.

1

1

1

1

(000) MT

MY Exports

1,307

925

775

675

(000) MT

Feed

2,350

3,000

3,300

3,400

(000) MT

FSI Consumption

461

705

748

747

(000) MT

Total Consumption

2,811

3,705

4,048

4,147

(000) MT

Source: FAS/Warsaw, Global Trade Atlas, Main Statistical Office, Poland

*FAS/Warsaw estimation and forecast

MY 2015/16

It is expected that the acreage of corn in 2015 will slightly diminish in comparison with last year due to lower profitability in 2014 and for the advantage of rapeseed. Corn production is forecasted for 4.4 MMT, 2 percent lower than last year's record crop. Demand from the feed industry is forecasted to continue to grow due to broiler production developments. Lower prices for corn in 2014 will keep corn use for bioethanol at a high level.

MY 2014/15

In MY 2014/15 the acreage of corn for grain (excluding corn for silage) increased to 678,000 hectares, a new record number in history. Corn acreage increased by 11 percent in comparison with last year. Production of corn is estimated at 4.5 MMT. It is 0.5 MMT higher than last year's record. Regarding corn acreage and production there are big differences in numbers depending on sources.

The above numbers are the official numbers from the Polish state statistical office. According to some industry sources, corn acreage amounted to 620,000 hectares and production to 3.2 MMT. The differences in estimations can arise from a high level of differentiation of corn growing conditions in some regions of Poland which affected the level of yields. The early but cold spring in 2014 was not good for those plantings where seeds were planted at the very beginning of the planting season. FAS Warsaw assessed that in the case of corn, government estimation is much closer to the real situation. Poland remains a net exporter of corn, but the total export of this grain diminished in comparison with 2013/14. The main reason for that was the lower EU country demand and higher domestic use for both industrial and feed purposes. Corn use for feed is growing due to a continuing rise in poultry production. Poultry production is the main push in corn consumption in Poland. Human consumption of corn is very small and stable. An increase of industry use is expected due to the increase of ethanol and isoglucose production.