Sorghum Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics:

Sorghum

2013/2014

2014/2015

2015/2016

Market Begin Year

Oct 2013

Oct 2014

Oct 2015

Nigeria

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

USDA Official

New post

Area Harvested

5,000

5,000

5,000

5,500

0

5,300

Beginning Stocks

208

208

208

220

0

220

Production

6,500

6,592

6,300

6,700

0

6,150

MY Imports

0

0

0

0

0

0

TY Imports

0

0

0

0

0

0

TY Imp. from U.S.

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total Supply

6,708

6,800

6,508

6,920

0

6,370

MY Exports

50

50

50

100

0

50

TY Exports

50

50

50

100

0

0

Feed and Residual

150

150

150

150

0

150

FSI Consumption

6,300

6,380

6,100

6,450

0

5,970

Total Consumption

6,450

6,530

6,250

6,600

0

6,120

Ending Stocks

208

220

208

220

0

200

Total Distribution

6,708

6,800

6,508

6,920

0

6,370

1000 HA, 1000 MT, MT/HA

Production:

Post's 2015/16 sorghum production estimate is 6.2 million tons, a minimal decrease of two percent from the 2014/15 figure of 6.3 million tons. The sorghum harvest area has been reduced due to increasing Boko Haram insurgency in the sorghum-producing areas.

Consumption:

The 2015/16 consumption estimate is 6.1 million tons, a decrease of nearly eight percent from the current 2014/15 estimate, due to declining demand for sorghum-based consumer goods and recent import of low-cost cereal derivatives by food processors as substitutes for sorghum-based ingredients.

Sorghum is a major food and industrial crop for producing malt drinks, breakfast cereal, weaning formula, cookies and other products. With sorghum as the primary food crop in the northern region of Nigeria, research had been intensified on sorghum uses and their outcomes, resulting in new and expanded uses/usage. Sorghum use in poultry feed in Nigeria had been limited; however, a recent research found a formula for safety and nutritious sorghum use to substitute corn in poultry feed formulation.

Sorghum is also used for meal preparations and food fortifications. As mentioned in last year's Annual report, fortified sorghum foods are mostly used for the Home -Grown School Feeding (HGSF) program and World Food Program (WFP) food aid programs in neighboring countries like Chad, Niger, and Mali.

Trade:

Imports: In 2008, Nigeria lifted its import ban and instituted an import tariff of five percent.

Insignificant trade is reported as domestic production is used to meet the national demand. Sources note that the growing practice by many local Nigerian food processors of importing cereal derivatives, such as malt extracts and glucose syrup, is replacing sorghum products and causing sorghum farmers to shift to other crops.

Exports: In 2011, the Nigerian government removed its export ban on sorghum. Sources note that there have been larger-than-normal MY2014/15 purchases made by Chad, Niger, and other neighboring countries.