Report Highlights:

Italy's biodiesel capacity reached approximately 2.5 MMT in 2014. Italian biodiesel operators include two categories: biodiesel producers and oilseed crushers. The latter produce pure vegetal oil for biofuels as well as the agro-food industry.

Italy's Biofuels Overview 2015

Biodiesel

Italy's biodiesel capacity reached approximately 2.5 MMT in 2014. Italian biodiesel operators include two categories: biodiesel producers and oilseed crushers. The latter produce pure vegetal oil for biofuels as well as the agro-food industry. Some of the oilseed crushers also engage in producing biodiesel. Biodiesel in Italy is produced mainly from imported rapeseed (40 percent), soybean (30 percent), and palm oil (25 percent). The remainder is made of recycled vegetable oils, sunflower oil, and animal fats. Rapeseed oil is mostly imported from EU countries (France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Belgium), while soybean oil is either imported from the EU or domestically produced from imported beans. Palm oil is chiefly imported by Indonesia and Malaysia. Biodiesel in Italy is exclusively used in blends with traditional diesel for transport or diesel for heating.

Italy's Biodiesel Imports

Partner Country

Unit

2012

2013

2014

USD

Quantity

USD

Quantity

USD

Quantity

World

T

1,602,879,629

1,320,467

1,593,817,629

1,431,060

702,890,676

689,373

EU-28

T

879,382,940

693,365

1,429,336,918

1,271,688

698,532,840

684,208

Spain

T

332,081,083

270,641

662,188,659

596,490

257,437,673

249,860

Netherlands

T

311,494,302

234,095

268,279,503

212,719

139,280,598

136,367

Germany

T

66,752,599

48,668

122,921,874

95,561

101,692,019

89,865

Greece

T

0

0

33,807,125

32,766

70,736,807

90,307

Belgium

T

115,452,293

96,006

68,872,552

55,956

69,244,911

62,826

Austria

T

17,358,287

12,965

39,297,049

31,247

46,063,655

40,603

Slovenia

T

9,979,699

12,024

4,418,415

4,680

4,262,835

5,117

Albania

T

22,169,333

17,615

19,943

17

3,956,864

5,006

Romania

T

0

0

0

0

3,872,068

3,999

France

T

16,786,344

11,615

21,996,790

17,626

2,542,353

2,139

Czech Republic

T

435,051

335

7,795,409

6,502

2,220,396

2,028

Cyprus

T

0

0

2,975,457

2,893

1,073,940

1,075

Philippines

T

166,385

82

71,520

40

300,400

122

United Kingdom

T

10,631

1

186,993,070

206,911

90,370

14

Australia

T

0

0

0

0

58,948

25

Italy's Biodiesel Exports

Partner Country

Unit

2012

2013

2014

USD

Quantity

USD

Quantity

USD

Quantity

World

T

1,264,551,158

1,167,468

848,439,086

845,795

648,612,967

651,390

EU-28

T

1,200,614,923

1,113,583

840,147,557

837,921

640,006,850

643,247

Austria

T

306,722,833

288,919

231,724,871

223,910

221,662,046

229,880

Spain

T

695,456,971

652,922

356,725,564

373,763

213,202,325

219,084

Slovenia

T

136,540,714

126,905

189,865,351

183,626

83,379,379

79,759

France

T

38,707,693

28,261

46,964,393

44,818

77,374,876

74,102

Romania

T

3,646,958

2,755

81,309

32

36,042,411

32,974

Vatican City State

T

8,647,709

8,119

8,014,752

7,769

7,515,269

7,461

Greece

T

14,241,441

10,034

7,185,598

5,894

4,506,402

4,362

Netherlands

T

4,654,946

3,276

5,354,231

4,066

3,669,999

3,071

Switzerland

T

0

0

0

0

748,701

601

Albania

T

5,370,437

5,672

0

0

157,919

17

Germany

T

271,627

223

196,510

124

115,080

0

Tunisia

T

165,721

75

172,417

58

70,817

31

Turkey

T

0

0

0

0

68,112

30

Hong Kong

T

0

0

0

0

25,272

0

Croatia

T

0

0

0

0

21,722

5

Bioethanol

Italy's bioethanol capacity is approximately 215,000 MT per year. Cereals (corn and wheat), wine, and wine byproducts (wine pomace and dregs) are responsible for the majority of the Italian ethanol production. However, only a limited portion of the total output is fuel ethanol, while the remainder is destined to industrial chemicals.

Italy's Bioethanol Imports

Partner Country

Unit

2012

2013

2014

USD

Quantity

USD

Quantity

USD

Quantity

World

T

421,566,113

349,316

293,097,529

269,838

148,899,398

156,561

EU-28

T

344,636,576

272,234

233,193,243

205,650

100,816,474

103,377

France

T

133,869,409

102,278

106,338,034

88,541

55,789,278

57,399

Pakistan

T

2,137,156

2,086

10,187,671

10,899

13,454,990

14,745

Belgium

T

16,574,079

13,358

11,648,111

9,296

13,028,967

12,159

Egypt

T

35,708,480

39,801

26,830,107

30,533

12,007,754

14,531

Sudan

T

7,967,035

8,229

3,626,451

4,051

9,691,378

12,330

United Kingdom

T

2,137,984

1,663

8,846,661

7,140

9,603,871

9,692

Bolivia

T

0

0

11,362,517

13,813

6,143,263

7,345

Hungary

T

2,205,070

2,066

2,265,353

1,971

5,965,301

7,138

Spain

T

148,116,981

113,862

60,603,242

60,754

5,823,069

7,705

Germany

T

9,566,524

7,699

5,269,080

3,901

3,947,700

3,028

Peru

T

0

0

0

0

2,473,656

2,362

Bulgaria

T

4,134,488

3,688

2,399,455

2,198

1,945,986

1,521

Romania

T

21,148,028

21,786

20,551,763

19,259

1,897,611

2,531

Switzerland

T

113,869

5

112,935

5

1,761,075

1,269

Netherlands

T

3,783,926

2,936

5,636,134

4,246

1,369,813

1,224

Abbreviations and definitions used in this report

Biodiesel: Fatty acid methyl ester produced from agricultural feedstock (vegetable oils, animal fat, recycled cooking oils) used as transport fuel to substitute for petroleum diesel.

HS Codes: 27102011; 38260010; 38260090

Bioethanol: Ethanol produced from agricultural feedstock used as transport fuel

HS Codes: 2207; 29091910

HS: Harmonized System of tariff codes

MMT: Million Metric Tons

MT: Metric ton (1,000 kg)

1 MT Biodiesel 1,136 liters

1 MT Ethanol 1,267 liters