Report Highlights:

Spanish broiler production increased by 10 percent 2014 compared to the previous year, due to lower feed prices and an expected higher demand on domestic consumption and extra EU exports. It is expected for 2015 and 2016 that Spanish broiler production will remain flat, mainly due to the low economic margins received by broiler producers. Regarding egg production, Spain has restructured the egg sector after the implementation of the last Animal Welfare regulation in 2012. Spain's egg production registers a structural surplus of eggs that in 2014 reached almost 123 percent. Spain is then a net exporter of eggs and in 2014 exports were up 21 percent with 187,000 tons. Spain started exporting eggs to the United States in July 2015. Approximately 6 percent of Spanish egg exports are going to the United States, representing until now the largest country exporting eggs to the U.S.

Poultry Meat Production

The number of broiler farms was in 2014 of 4,992, thus decreasing 0.8 percent compared to previous year following the downward trend since 2007, but with more effective and efficient broiler farms.

Spanish broiler production increased by 10 percent 2014 compared to the previous year, due to lower feed prices and an expected higher demand on domestic consumption and extra EU exports. Spanish broiler production represents 11.1 percent of the total EU broiler meat production. Official data in 2014 shows the Spanish poultry sector accounts for 15.4 percent of the final livestock production and almost 6 percent of final agricultural production.

According to the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment, MAGRAMA, official data for broiler production was in 2014: 1.234 MMT CWE, meaning 10 percent higher than previous year, due to lower feed prices and an expected higher demand on domestic consumption and extra EU exports. Spanish broiler production represents 11.1 percent of the total EU broiler meat production, the forth European producer after Poland, UK and Germany.

In the first semester of 2015, Spanish total poultry slaughter increased 1.54 percent compared to the same period of the previous year and reaching 701,305 MT CWE. It is expected for 2015 and 2016 that Spanish broiler production will remain flat, mainly due to the low economic margins received by broiler producers. Producers report that the retail chains are pressing too much on final prices to broiler producers, which is causing the closure of many farms.

Broiler imports in 2014 decreased with 88 MMT CWE or almost 17 percent lower than the previous year due to an increase in production. For 2015 imports may increase mainly from Portugal, Germany and the Netherlands.

Spain's total exports in 2014 were 140 MMT CWE, 36 percent higher than previous. Intra and extra EU exports grew 37 and 34 percent respectively, mainly to France, Portugal, United Kingdom, Denmark, Germany and The Netherlands and spectacular increases to South Africa, with 1,064 percent and 12,300 MT CWE and Vietnam with a growth of 202 percent. Some African countries like Benin, Togo and Gabon continue to be important for Spanish broiler exports. Exports to Hong Kong also rose 11 percent. For 2015 it is estimated to continue with this upward trend of Spanish broiler meat exports intra and extra UE.

In 2014 turkey production in Spain amounted to 166,000 tons CWE, 6.4 percent higher than previous year. Total imports increase 16 percent in 2014 by the increase of intra EU imports. Total exports of turkey meat increased 10 percent in 2014 with a rise in value of 16 percent. African markets such as Benin, Togo, Gabon, and Guinea are increasing their turkey meat imports from Spain. South Africa and Hong Kong are important new markets.

Egg Production

Regarding egg production, the EU has restructured the egg sector after the implementation of the last Animal Welfare regulation in 2012. The total EU layer hens' census has changed since then. According to official data from Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment, MAGRAMA, Spain is the third country in the EU of egg layer census with 44 thousand of layer hens, thus 13.4 percent of the total EU census. The Spanish Ministry of Agriculture reports that there are 1,172 egg farms of which 93 percent are located in enriched cages. This places Spain in third position within the EU-28 after Italy and France in the layer hen's census. The egg production is centered 27 percent in Castile La Mancha, 17 percent in Castile Leon, 11 percent in Aragon and 7 percent in Catalonia, Valencia and Andalusia. According to official data, in 2014 Spain produced 798 thousand tons of eggs, so 1 percent less than previous year, representing the forth egg producer in the EU after France, Germany and Italy.

Official data in 2014 shows the Spanish egg sector accounts for 4.9 percent of the final livestock production and 1.8 percent of final agricultural production. The final revenue reached 783 million EUR. Spain's egg production registers a structural surplus of eggs that in 2014 reached almost 123 percent.

Spanish egg per capita consumption 13.1 kg/year, in a downward trend after several years so exports are very important with this production level. Spain is then a net exporter of eggs and in 2014 exports were up 21 percent with 187,000 tons, following the upward trend since 2012. Intra EU-28 egg exports grew 20 percent in 2014 following the upward trend reaching 170,041 tons as well as exports to third countries were up 33 percent in 2014 reaching 16,701 tons.

In 2014 Spanish table eggs arrived to more than 10 countries in Africa such as Angola, Mauritania, Libya, Guinea Bissau or Liberia, to Asia such as Oman, Israel, UAE or Hong Kong and to America such as Mexico.

In addition, in 2015 in response to the avian influenza outbreak in the U.S. and the subsequent demand for eggs in the U.S. market, Spain started exporting eggs to the United States in July 2015. Approximately 6 percent of Spanish egg exports are going to the United States.

According to the US Agricultural Marketing Service, AMS, since June 23rd 2015 until October 2nd 2015, AMS has issued imports of 35,657,150 dozen breaking eggs from twelve source countries including from Spain (34.0 percent; 12,129,530 dozen), representing until now the largest country exporting eggs to the U.S.

Spanish Egg Imports (Tons)

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Intra EU

19,480

51,480

66,656

22,786

27,780

31,153

41,659

41,516

39,922

38,934

Extra EU

484

107

483

775

333

519

469

1468

775

908

TOTAL

19,964

51,587

67,139

23,561

28,113

31,672

42,128

42,984

40,697

39,842

Spanish Egg Exports (Tons)

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Intra EU

120,861

166,545

175,356

149,279

159,088

137,094

152,394

111,622

141,741

170,041

Extra EU

5,165

7,058

4,816

7,001

4,931

7,193

7,060

5,162

12,527

16,701

TOTAL

126,026

173,603

180,172

156,280

164,019

144,287

159,454

116,784

154,268

186,742