As of June 11, 2015, farmers had either planted or intended to plant more wheat, corn for grain, barley and oats compared with 2014, while acreages seeded to soybeans and canola were down.

Seeding conditions were generally favourable this spring, with drier conditions allowing farmers to wrap up seeding a few weeks earlier compared with 2014. However, May frost on parts of the Prairies required some farmers to re-seed.

Wheat

Canadian farmers reported increasing their 2015 plantings of wheat by 1.3% from 2014 to 24.1 million acres. This gain was driven by a 21.1% rise in planted acres of durum wheat to 5.8 million acres, while spring wheat fell by 1.5% to 17.1 million acres.

Provincially, Alberta farmers reported that area seeded to all varieties of wheat edged up 0.7% in 2015 to 6.8 million acres, with durum area rising 45.5% to 800,000 acres, while area seeded to spring wheat declined 2.7%.

Saskatchewan farmers reported that wheat seedings fell by less than 1.0% in 2015 to 13.0 million acres. Spring wheat accounted for this decline, down 7.4% to 7.9 million acres. Meanwhile, durum wheat increased 17.9% to 5.0 million acres in 2015.

Manitoba farmers reported seeding 3.0 million acres of spring wheat, up 17.3% from 2014.

Canola

Canadian farmers reported seeding 19.8 million acres of canola in 2015, down 2.4% from 2014.

In Saskatchewan, canola acreage fell 1.9% to 10.5 million acres. Farmers in Alberta seeded 6.1 million acres of canola, down 6.2% compared with 2014. However, Manitoba farmers reported a 4.7% increase in canola acreage to 3.1 million acres.

Soybeans

Nationally, area seeded to soybeans was 5.4 million acres in 2015, 2.5% below the record high of 2014. This decline was driven by decreases in Quebec and Ontario, which typically account for around 70% of total acreage sown in Canada.

Ontario farmers sowed 2.9 million acres of soybeans, down 4.6% from 2014. In Quebec, the area planted to soybeans was reported at 778,400 acres, down 9.5%.

On the Prairies, however, soybean acreages increased in both Manitoba and Saskatchewan in 2015. Manitoba farmers reported a 4.7% increase to 1.3 million acres, while in Saskatchewan, they reported planting 300,000 acres (+11.1% from 2014).

Barley and oats

At the national level, the overall area seeded to barley rose 10.7% from 2014 to 6.5 million acres in 2015.

Meanwhile, the total acreage planted to oats increased 21.6% from 2014 to 3.4 million acres.

Corn for grain

Canadian farmers reported planting 3.3 million acres of corn for grain in 2015, up 5.7% from 2014.

Farmers in Ontario boosted their area seeded to corn for grain by 9.6% in 2015 to 2.1 million acres, matching their five-year average. In Quebec, the area seeded to corn for grain was up 2.8% to 901,900 acres

Preliminary estimates of principal field crop areas

2013

2014

June 2015 p

2013 to 2014

2014 to June 2015

thousands of acres

thousands of acres

thousands of acres

% change

% change

Total wheat (including winter wheat remaining)

26,015

23,835

24,142

-8.4

1.3

Durum wheat

4,965

4,750

5,750

-4.3

21.1

Spring wheat

19,043

17,409

17,145

-8.6

-1.5

Winter wheat

2,008

1,675

1,247

-16.6

-25.6

Barley

7,083

5,880

6,511

-17.0

10.7

Canary seed

210

275

330

31.0

20.0

Canola

19,941

20,325

19,840

1.9

-2.4

Chick peas

180

170

125

-5.6

-26.5

Corn for grain

3,689

3,078

3,252

-16.6

5.7

Dry beans

210

305

280

45.2

-8.2

Dry field peas

3,325

3,795

3,705

14.1

-2.4

Fall rye

225

206

251

-8.4

21.8

Flaxseed

1,050

1,555

1,690

48.1

8.7

Lentils

2,620

3,120

3,870

19.1

24.0

Mustard seed

365

500

325

37.0

-35.0

Oats

3,173

2,798

3,403

-11.8

21.6

Soybeans

4,619

5,562

5,420

20.4

-2.5

Summerfallow

3,800

4,595

2,535

20.9

-44.8

Sunflower seed

70

75

120

7.1

60.0

p - preliminary