Chile. Raisin Annual. Jul 2013 Ноя. 6, 2013
Chile’s raisin production is estimated to decrease during the present Marketing Year due to a unavailability of grapes for drying.
For the season 2012/13 (Jan-Dec 2013), raisin production is expected to be less than the previous year, as the availability of discarded table grapes is smaller this year. A smaller table grape harvest, coupled with a strong demand and better prices for fresh fruit resulted in fewer grapes left over for raisin production.
Raisin production in 2011/12 (Jan-Dec 2012) was smaller than previously estimated. Despite high prices for raisins in the export market a reduced availability of grapes due to a smaller harvest of table grapes and a strong market for fresh grapes reduced the production of raisins. For the coming years industry sources have indicated that due to increasing labor costs coupled with a continued revaluation of the peso against the dollar which is affecting revenues for table grape producers and eroding the fresh table grape export market for the Chilean producers, an increasing number of producers is expected to convert their table grape orchards to raisin orchards.
For 2012/13 (Jan-Dec 2013) another reduction in production and exports are expected as table grape production did not expand and a strong export demand for fresh grapes increased export volume and prices. In Chile there are almost no grapes planted only for raisin production. Raisins come mostly from discarded table grapes that do not make it for exports or domestic fresh consumption. Raisins are produced mainly from Thompson and Flame Seedless varieties. Other varieties that are becoming more popular are Autumn Royal, Black seedless, Crimson seedless, Superior and Red Globe. Most of the drying process in Chile is carried out by using the sun to dry grapes. Grapes are laid on plastic film in open fields, where they are sun-dried for a 15 to 20 day period. There are also some facilities that use drying tunnels. After the drying process is completed they are washed and cleaned from stems, sized and packed either in bulk or smaller containers depending on the market.
For the coming year additional increases in production of raisins will depend on foreign demand, prices of raisins and production of table grapes. Industry sources have indicated that the estimated production will probably not exceed 90 thousand metric tons, as an increasing area of table grape orchards mostly used and suitable for drying into raisins are being uprooted, as a result of the falling economic returns for fresh table grapes. Additionally raisin producers compete with grape juice and wine producers and the availability of grapes for drying will depend on the demand of grapes needed by these producers. Over 95 percent of Chilean raisin production is destined for the export market.
Chile is the sixth largest raisin producer and the fourth largest exporter in the world; and the largest exporter in the southern hemisphere. Is also the main supplier of raisins of the United States. The main destination of the table grape production in Chile goes to the fresh fruit export market (60%), followed by raisin production (21%), grape juice (9%) and wine (9%). The raisin production capacity in Chile is estimated at 340,000 MT. Presently approximately a little over 270,000 MT are processed-- that is 82 percent of total capacity. Table grapes are harvested from November through March, depending on the production area variety of grapes harvested. Drying of grapes to raisins is during the summer months, December through March and processing is normally from April through July. There are some processing plants that process throughout the whole year.
Chile's highest quality raisins are exported. As with most of Chile’s fruit production, the domestic market normally receives raisins rejected for export. Because domestic raisin consumption is small it does not influence production or trade decisions. The main end-users of raisins are the baking, pastry and ice cream industries. Raisins are primarily used in finished products such as cakes, cookies, and ice cream. Non-industrial usage and snack consumption is limited.
Over 95 percent of Chilean raisin production is exported. The Latin American market accounts for half of Chile's raisin exports and it is generally the destination for the lower quality raisins. For the upcoming years, volumes of exports will depend on availability of grapes for raisin production. Raisins are exported year round, but the months of heaviest flow are June/July and November/December.
Most raisin exporters have a policy of maintaining stock levels close to zero. Whenever possible, exporters prefer to sell or export all of their production quickly. Variations in the ending stock level from one marketing year to the next, generally only means that raisins have not yet been shipped to their destination.
The government does not provide direct export subsidies or play any role in setting quality standards for this product.
Raisins are not a key consumer item in Chile. Consequently, neither the government nor the various exporter associations maintain retail or wholesale prices. Export prices for CY2012 averaged US$2,400/MT, up from CY2011 average price of US$2,391/MT